The generation gap is the perceived gap of cultural differences between one generation and the other. The reason for the gap can largely be attributed to rapidly changing ideals and societal norms. The term came into use in the 1960s in America when culture and society was changing very dramatically between one generation and the next.Know More
Generational gaps are a modern phenomenon caused by the rapid changes of the modern era. Technological advances have made communication with other cultures and different groups with different ideas much easier. As younger generations grow up with these advances and exposure to new ideas and cultures, they become separated from the previous generation in terms of philosophy and culture. The stereotype of conservative parents and liberal children is a result of the generation gap.
In previous eras before the 1960s, communication was more limited. Younger generations grew up influenced primarily by their parents, their immediate family and their immediate neighbors. Thus, they continued the older generation's traditions and ideals. However, in the present day, the influences grow larger with every passing decade. By the time children reach adulthood, they have come into contact with a myriad of ideas and cultures, shaping and influencing their thought process.Learn more about Population & Demography
Members of Generation X were born between 1965 and 1980. Generation X generally prefers not to be looked at as a group, because its members are extremely individualistic, self-reliant and entrepreneurial. Generation X is technologically savvy, goal-oriented, philanthropic, and cynical toward institutions. Generation X wants to make a difference and places a high value on having a work-life balance.Full Answer >
Generation Y individuals have a birth range starting in the year 1982. According to a demographic study by Strauss and Howe, the generation ends in the birth year 2004; however, the New York Times, along with other publications set the final birth year as 1995 in their articles.Full Answer >
The causes of overpopulation in a given region may include good food production, improvement in public health, illiteracy, poverty and disease control or prevention. While some of these causes may seem positive, the effects of overpopulation eventually become negative and may cause societal ills like unemployment, slum development, insecurity, poor living conditions and resource exhaustion.Full Answer >
Industrialization, modernization and economic opportunity cause urbanization, or an increase in the number of people moving from rural to urban areas. Urban areas offer better opportunities for employment, housing and education, and city living allows people to benefit from diversity and marketplace competition.Full Answer >