The main causes of urban problems include unemployment, rural-urban migration and the embezzlement of funds. These issues lead to different problems in one way or another.
High rates of unemployment in urban areas lead to increased crime rates, illegal drug use due to idleness, prostitution and the formation of illegal gangs. Immigration of people from rural areas to urban areas creates a strain on the available resources. It also contributes to unpleasant demographic results. In some countries, rural-urban migration has contributed to a high growth rate of slums. It also led to an increase in pollution, which poses risks to the health of people within such environments.Learn More
Urban growth, also known as urban sprawl, refers to the expansion of a metropolitan or suburban area into the surrounding environment. It is often controlled by an Urban Growth Boundary (UGB), which is a clearly defined and legally enforced zoning tool.Full Answer >
The term "urban" includes land areas, populations and housing developments located in urbanized areas, such as cities and towns or urban clusters, while "rural" refers to territory, populations and housing units located outside urbanized areas or clusters. Urban areas or urban centers feature densely populated landscapes, and typically have census-determined population densities of more than 1,000 residents per square mile. Rural areas, in contrast, generally have fewer than 500 people per square mile, and fall outside the borders of urbanized areas, urban clusters and their surrounding census blocks.Full Answer >
A social problem is any issue that a group of people sees as being undesirable for the entire community. The group of people who identify and name the problem do not necessarily have to constitute all or even a majority of the entire community, only a significant number out of the whole population. Sometimes this leads to conflict between groups.Full Answer >
Some of the problems faced by poor people include lack of proper clothing to protect them from harsh weather conditions, lack of resources to purchase a balanced diet meal or provide themselves with constant meals, and lack of finance to obtain proper medical care and access quality education.Full Answer >