Industrialization, modernization and economic opportunity cause urbanization, or an increase in the number of people moving from rural to urban areas. Urban areas offer better opportunities for employment, housing and education, and city living allows people to benefit from diversity and marketplace competition.Know More
Cities offer access to wealth and services that many rural areas lack. Rural inhabitants typically move to cities to exploit economic opportunities and improve their social mobility. In some developing countries, urbanization results from farmers and others with little political power losing their land and moving to cities when conflicts arise over land rights. Similarly, violence and war cause people to flee from rural areas and seek safety in cities. The lack of specialist services in rural areas further stimulates urbanization. Students move to cities to attend universities, and the elderly move closer to hospitals and health services. Some people move to cities to seek out and join specific social communities.
The agricultural and industrial revolutions first sparked urban growth in the late 18th century and throughout the 19th century. The increasing number of factories in urban areas created a need for labor. In the United States and Europe, rural workers moved to the cities to satisfy this need. This initial movement was succeeded by the movement of others to provide various services for these workers. Each increase in the concentration of population further increased the social and economic opportunities for new migrants.Learn more about Population & Demography
Rural depopulation is the process in which population density in rural areas decreases overtime. This is caused by the migration of people to urban areas in search of a higher quality of living and employment. Displacement as a result of large development projects and mining may also cause rural depopulation.Full Answer >
A rural community comprises a group of inhabitants who live a rustic or country lifestyle. Rural communities typically have smaller populations and an agricultural setting, but some areas contain forests.Full Answer >
Urbanization causes environmental and economic strain on land and people. Additionally, urbanization can indirectly affect society by contributing to health problems as a result of pollution and food shortages.Full Answer >
Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Full Answer >