Attitudes toward moral issues change as time progresses, but in 2014 a poll found Americans were most concerned about extramarital affairs, cloning of humans, polygamy and suicide. The Gallup poll reveals growing, but still limited, acceptance of abortion and doctor-assisted suicide.Know More
Americans largely accepted 11 of 19 behaviors considered moral issues that Gallup questioned people about in May 2014. Seventy percent of Americans questioned for the poll found cloning, polygamy, suicide and cheating on a spouse highly unacceptable. More than 60 percent of respondents accepted sex between unmarried adult heterosexuals, divorce, research on stem cells from human embryos, gambling and the death penalty.
There are differences between Republicans and Democrats on moral issues. For example, 72 percent of Democrats said having a baby outside of marriage is OK, but only 40 percent of Republicans agree. About 73 percent of Republicans support the death penalty, while only 52 percent of Democrats do. Fifty-nine percent of Democrats and just 28 percent of Republicans say abortion is morally acceptable.
Moral issues may be examined in the broader context of freedom and some basic rights: the right to the truth when making decisions, to privacy and to say and do as one wants as long as one doesn't hurt others, not to be injured, and to receive what parties agree to in contracts or other arrangements.Learn more about Ethics
Examples of moral decisions can range from large quandaries like whether to legalize abortion or go to war, through to everyday decisions like keeping money found in the street or using a neighbor's Wi-Fi without them knowing. Various philosophers have discussed how to approach moral decisions, including Kant, Aristotle and Jeremy Bentham.Full Answer >
The term "moral responsibility" refers to the duty that individuals and groups have to act in accordance with the moral principles that are important to their social communities and to humanity at large. When morality is allowed to lapse or to take on areas that are beyond its scope, the outcome is sometimes tragic.Full Answer >
Moral behavior is extremely subjective, but it is generally represented by an individual's knowledge of social and cultural norms and the capacity to perform good works through selfless actions. Some moral behaviors may include honesty, giving to charity and avoiding negative situations.Full Answer >
In its application to law and sentencing, moral reconciliation is a form of restorative justice in which wrongdoers attempt to repair the relationship between themselves and their victims and, by doing so, achieve a moral transformation. In contrast to punishment which is solely retributive or compensatory, moral reconciliation attempts to restructure the wrongdoer-and-victim relationship to one based on a workable degree of moral equality. Moral reconciliation, forgiveness and wrongdoer rehabilitation are also viewed as ideals to strive for, which may only be achieved in varying degrees depending on the parties involved.Full Answer >