A communication breakdown occurs when communication is incomprehensible to one party or entirely absent between two people. For example, communication breakdown occurs when a couple fights and then refuses to speak to each other, according to Psychology Today.
Otherwise known as "the silent treatment," refusing to communicate is one of the most common forms of communication breakdown. It usually occurs when two parties disagree or when someone says something offensive or hurtful. There are several ways to help fix or avoid communication breakdown. In instances where one party is simply having difficulty understanding, slowing down verbal communication or attempting to explain problem areas are two ways to ensure communication breakdown doesn't occur. When two parties are fighting or disagreeing, sometimes an apology or admittance of wrongdoing can fix a communication breakdown, according to Daniel L. Shapiro. When one person tends to takeover or control a conversation, communication breakdown can occur because the second party doesn't actually have the chance to communicate. Be sure to ask the other person how he is doing, what he has been up to or what's new with him. If someone else is controlling the conversation, try letting him know that he is dominating the conversation.Learn More
Interpersonal communication refers to communication and the transference of information between two people. There are many examples of interpersonal communication, between a boss and employee, wife and husband, and mother and child.Full Answer >
"Upward communication" is communication from front line employees to their managers or higher-ranking people within an organization. It is one form of vertical communication, with downward or top-down communication being the other.Full Answer >
Intrapersonal communication is the communication process that happens internally. Communication with others is dependent on individual perceptions, and those perceptions are developed with the communication that happens within the individual.Full Answer >
Meta-communication is nonverbal communication that either supplements what is being said or indicates that what is being said is not what is meant. For example, if one person asks another person, "Who is crying?" or "What is wrong?" and that person replies that nothing is wrong, obviously, the message being sent does not agree with the spoken reply. Crying is typically indicative of something wrong.Full Answer >