There are 74 countries with producers certified as Fairtrade, including the Dominican Republic, Paraguay, Ghana, Ethiopia, India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. In total, the 74 countries comprise more than 1.4 million individual farmers and workers spread between 1,140 producer organizations.Know More
The first country to be involved with the Fairtrade system was Mexico, which supplied coffee from 1988 for the Dutch brand, Max Havelaar. Other European countries followed Holland's example and adopted the system between the late 1980s and early 1990s. In 2002, the Fairtrade Certification Mark became an international symbol.
Since Mexico became the first, Latin America remains predominant within the Fairtrade system, with 56 percent of its participating countries being situated there. By comparison, 29 percent are in Africa, 14 percent in Asia and just 1 percent in Oceania. Some have accused the Fairtrade system of an inherent and unfair bias in favor of Latin American countries, especially since their GDP is typically higher than most African countries. In fact, Mexico is far closer, economically, to developed European countries like France than it is to those designated as "least developed," and therefore most in need, in sub-Saharan Africa.
The chief Fairtrade product is coffee, making up 36 percent of the system's certified exports. This is followed by tea (9.3 percent), general fruits and vegetables (9.1 percent) and bananas (8 percent).Learn more in Economics
Because different nations have different natural resources and human capabilities, trade has become a popular method of allowing nations to get the products people need, such as when the United States exports goods like wheat and corn to Japan and imports goods like computers and cars from Japan. In this example, Japan and the U.S. engage in trade in order to sell the surplus of the things they make and gain access to the things they don't make, allowing for a balance of a wide range of goods rather than a surplus of just a few things.Full Answer >
Hispanic countries include Spain, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Puerto Rico. The United States Census Bureau uses the word "Hispanic" for people of "Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South (except for Brazil) or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race."Full Answer >
Countries that actually refer to themselves in some way as social democracies or democratic socialist nations in their respective constitutions include Bangladesh, India, North Korea, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Noticeably absent from the list are European nations that are traditionally considered the models of democratic socialist countries. This may be because democratic socialism is more of an ideal than a specific practice.Full Answer >
Referred to as "True Cinnamon," or ceylon cinnamon, Cinnamomum verum is native to Sri Lanka and southern India, though it is also cultivated in Madagascar and the Seychelles. Other related species from the same family, such as cassia, burmannii, loureirii and tamale are found and farmed in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.Full Answer >