Cultural materialism is an anthropological research method that prioritizes the study of material conditions to understand human nature. Material conditions include geography, food, climate and societal organization. The study of cultural materialism works with the idea that the best way to understand a culture is to observe how humans react to problems presented by their environment.Know More
The theoretical approach to cultural materialism studies socio-economic systems on three different levels. The first level is superstructure which consists of the mental and physical behaviors of people in the culture. Elements of the superstructure include literature, advertising, sports, science, art, rituals, hobbies, values, emotions and traditions. The structure includes the domestic and political economies. The domestic economy are the people in the civilization who interact on an intimate, day-to-day level. Members of the political economy interact with each other for the continuation of the society without emotional interaction.
Infrastructure involves the study of production and reproduction of the society. Reproduction involves studying the technology and methods that are utilized by a civilization to grow. Production studies the technology and methods that the civilization uses to cultivate crops, expand and develop resources such as energy and other types of basic subsistence production. Elements of the infrastructure are also studied for the ways in which the civilization limits production and reproduction.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
A cultural environment is a set of beliefs, practices, customs and behaviors that are found to be common to everyone that is living within a certain population. Cultural environments shape the way that every person develops, influencing ideologies and personalities. Cultural environments are determined by the culmination of many different aspects of culture that influence personal choices and behaviors.Full Answer >
Cultural diversity refers to having a variety of cultures or human societies within a specific region. Fort Hays State University notes that cultural diversity is possible when individuals accept, acknowledge and value the different ways in which people interact and live in the world. Cultural diversity is based on an understanding that even if people have cultural differences, they desire the same things: acceptance, well-being, security, esteem and equity.Full Answer >
Cultural syncretism is a concept that refers to the social processes by which the beliefs and practices of two unique cultures mix and create new cultural characteristics. These cultural beliefs and practices are exchanged through indirect and direct contact.Full Answer >
Cultural isolation is the term for a country or region that does not care to interact with, understand or empathize with cultures outside its borders. Americans have been accused of cultural isolation, because some Americans have not studied or learned languages other than American English and seem content to know very little about other countries.Full Answer >