A deductive, or "top-down," approach to research methodology begins with hypotheses based on existing knowledge or literature. In other words, it seeks to test an established theory.Know More
Inductive, or "bottom-up," research, by comparison, collects data and observations in order to discern a pattern within them, or to formulate a new theory.
The procedure followed by deductive research can be summarized as follows:
Logical thinking is thinking based on proven knowledge and information that is accurate and certain. Logical thinking is the basis of modern technology, and it is commonly referred to as left-brain thinking. Logical thinking uses the straight facts in order to solve problems, as opposed to right-brained thinking, which is more romantic and emotional in nature.Full Answer >
Syntactic knowledge involves the way that words are assembled and sentences are constructed in a particular language, while semantic knowledge involves the meaning found from the actual text, symbols and signs themselves. Syntactic knowledge varies among languages because there are different syntactic rules on how to use words to create sentences in different languages.Full Answer >
Some benefits of conducting research include increasing personal knowledge and contributing to that of humanity, and developing skills and interests. In the case of market research more specifically, the benefits include identifying and understanding customers, as well as setting realistic targets for business growth.Full Answer >
One example of analogical reasoning is as follows: since the world is similar to a clock in the respect that it has complexity and a clock has a maker, the world must also have a maker. Arguments from analogy are inductive arguments.Full Answer >