What is deductive research?
Credit: Miguel Malo E+ Getty Images
Q:

What is deductive research?

A:

Quick Answer

A deductive, or "top-down," approach to research methodology begins with hypotheses based on existing knowledge or literature. In other words, it seeks to test an established theory.

  Know More

Full Answer

Inductive, or "bottom-up," research, by comparison, collects data and observations in order to discern a pattern within them, or to formulate a new theory.

The procedure followed by deductive research can be summarized as follows:

  1. Theory, starting with existing knowledge or assumptions.
  2. Hypothesis, formulating a research question or hypothesis based on existing knowledge, theories or assumptions.
  3. Observation, or data collection.
  4. Confirmation, conclusions drawn on the basis of the observations or data collected, ultimately leading to either confirmation or rejection of the initial theory.
Learn more about Logic & Reasoning

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is logical thinking?

    A:

    Logical thinking is thinking based on proven knowledge and information that is accurate and certain. Logical thinking is the basis of modern technology, and it is commonly referred to as left-brain thinking. Logical thinking uses the straight facts in order to solve problems, as opposed to right-brained thinking, which is more romantic and emotional in nature.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between syntactic knowledge and semantic knowledge?

    A:

    Syntactic knowledge involves the way that words are assembled and sentences are constructed in a particular language, while semantic knowledge involves the meaning found from the actual text, symbols and signs themselves. Syntactic knowledge varies among languages because there are different syntactic rules on how to use words to create sentences in different languages.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some benefits of conducting research?

    A:

    Some benefits of conducting research include increasing personal knowledge and contributing to that of humanity, and developing skills and interests. In the case of market research more specifically, the benefits include identifying and understanding customers, as well as setting realistic targets for business growth.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are examples of analogical reasoning?

    A:

    One example of analogical reasoning is as follows: since the world is similar to a clock in the respect that it has complexity and a clock has a maker, the world must also have a maker. Arguments from analogy are inductive arguments.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore