A deductive, or "top-down," approach to research methodology begins with hypotheses based on existing knowledge or literature. In other words, it seeks to test an established theory.Know More
Inductive, or "bottom-up," research, by comparison, collects data and observations in order to discern a pattern within them, or to formulate a new theory.
The procedure followed by deductive research can be summarized as follows:
"Research is formalized curiosity" refers to the process by which someone diligently seeks knowledge while pursuing a passion for a particular subject, according to Wired. The original quote is from Zora Neal Hurston's 1942 autobiography "Dust Tracks on a Road" in which she explains why she didn't do well in her anthropology classes in college.Full Answer >
According to Explorable, scientific research is important because it helps generate a theory to explain why something is happening. Scientific research involves testing hypotheses and predictions using testable data and a full battery of scientific tools and methods.Full Answer >
A conceptual definition is the underlying understanding of something that is necessary to attain before understanding how it is used or applied. In science, it is necessary to understand the subject of research prior to conducting effective research.Full Answer >
Logical fallacies are errors in reasoning that undercut an argument or thesis. On the surface, fallacies may seem to strengthen an argument, but in fact they rarely hold up to critique or rebuttal. Logical fallacies are often identifiable by a lack of evidence to support their claim.Full Answer >