Q:

How do you define "pre-conventional morality?"

A:

Quick Answer

Pre-conventional morality is the first level of Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development in which people first comprehend fixed rules as behavioral guidelines and then grow to understand that everyone has a unique position in choosing to obey or not obey them. Pre-conventional morality, or the first level of morality, is subdivided into two stages. There are two other levels of the morality theory respectively called conventional and post-conventional morality.

Know More
How do you define "pre-conventional morality?"
Credit: Giorgio Majno Photographer's Choice Getty Images

Full Answer

Kohlberg's theory of conventional morality is a response to moral dilemmas in which there is not always a clear right or wrong. Kohlberg argued that if the reasoning behind an action, regardless of whether the action itself is considered morally right, is sound, then the morals behind it are sound. A common story that Kohlberg used to illustrate his ideals was that of a man whose wife was dying of cancer. The man could not afford a medicine that could potentially cure her. When the creator of the drug refused to bargain for a lower price so that the woman could be saved, the man stole the drug in order to save his wife. Clearly, stealing is wrong. But Kohlberg argued that, in the case of the man and his wife, it was not morally wrong because the man's motivation for stealing was to save his wife.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Why do we have rules?

    A:

    Most human societies and cultures have rules to ensure a certain level of fairness and safety for their citizens and inhabitants. Rules and systems of implementing rules allow human groups to function despite friction between members.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a cultural environment?

    A:

    A cultural environment is a set of beliefs, practices, customs and behaviors that are found to be common to everyone that is living within a certain population. Cultural environments shape the way that every person develops, influencing ideologies and personalities. Cultural environments are determined by the culmination of many different aspects of culture that influence personal choices and behaviors.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is cultural isolation?

    A:

    Cultural isolation is the term for a country or region that does not care to interact with, understand or empathize with cultures outside its borders. Americans have been accused of cultural isolation, because some Americans have not studied or learned languages other than American English and seem content to know very little about other countries.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the cultural transmission theory?

    A:

    The cultural transmission theory, also known as cultural learning, enculturation and socialization, states that all behavior is learned from the society or culture that surrounds a person. If a child is exposed to deviant behavior, especially at a young age, then that behavior can become a learned trait.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore