Human values are the principles, standards, convictions and beliefs that people adopt as their guidelines in daily activities. Principal human values are the foundation on which professional ethics are built. They are a set of consistent measures and behaviors that individuals choose to practice in the pursuit of doing what is right or what is expected of them by society. Most laws and legislation are shaped by human values.
Human values are passed by parents to their offspring soon after childbirth and are instilled throughout the children's upbringing. As they grow, children learn more values from their peers, religious leaders, teachers, friends and society at large. These attributes include honesty, trustworthiness, diligence, discipline, fairness, love, peace, justice, care for one another and being mindful of the environment, including plants and animals. In addition, selflessness and putting the well-being of all before a person's own needs are desirable human values. Generally, human values are highly encouraged in society, while negative attributes are discouraged and condemned. These values are passed from one generation to another. People with excellent human values are usually held in high esteem, admired and rewarded. The traits are important especially in leaders and people in influential positions. All cultures and societies encourage teachers, doctors, lawyers, politicians, businesspeople and other professionals to have strong human values.