Deviant behavior is defined as any behavior that goes against the social norms. As norms change in time, so does the description of deviant behavior. Doctors have developed several theories about the causes of deviant behavior.Know More
The structural strain theory was developed by Robert K. Merton and states that deviant behavior is caused by a gap between cultural goals and the means people have to achieve those goals. People set personal and professional goals for themselves in regards to education, work, family and other areas. Society is supposed to provide the means to help people achieve those goals. When adequate social systems are in place for people to reach their goals, they do not need to resort to deviant behavior. However, when the support systems do not exist, people resort to deviant behavior as a means to get what they want.
The social control theory believes that people are more prone to deviant behavior when they fail to form appropriate social bonds. People with stronger bonds seek acceptance from those around them and, therefore, conform to the expectations of society. Those with weak bonds are often concerned about their own wants and desires and achieve them at the expense of others. The labeling theory says that no behavior is inherently deviant. Instead, society labels those behaviors they do not like as deviant, with the dominant groups in society having most of the control over what is considered acceptable behavior.Learn More
The observer effect in psychology, also known as the Hawthorne effect, refers to subjects altering their behavior when they are aware that an observer is present. This applies when a psychologist observes his patients or when a person is aware that he is being recorded.Full Answer >
In biology, a stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to change its behavior in order to make the environment more satisfactory. For instance, hunger motivates animals to seek food, predators stimulate prey to run away or hide, and falling temperatures encourage creatures to seek shelter or find warmth in other ways.Full Answer >
Color can affect a person's behavior because it can change the way a person feels. It can affect mood, feelings and emotions, as studied in the field of color psychology. Many schools, businesses, hospitals and interior designers use the guidelines of color psychology to achieve a desired result.Full Answer >
An imagined risk is an exaggeration or overestimation of a risk or threat that can cause a person to overreact or develop a behavior that affects his confidence level or self-esteem. People tend to downplay commonly occurring risks and play up rarer and more spectacular risks in life. Imagined risks may include perceived threats related to airplane travel, nuclear accidents or natural disasters.Full Answer >