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What did Aristotle discover?

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Aristotle is most commonly credited with formulating the building blocks of deductive logic, basic ethical and moral guidelines and laying the foundations for the biological classifications of animals. Although basic by the standards of modern science, Aristotle's classification was used for hundreds of years, and his philosophical work is still discussed today.

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Aristotle produced a number of texts outlining basic scientific enquiries, particularly in meteorology, which Aristotle defined as the study of the earth, water and natural events, as well as astronomical ones.

Aristotle's philosophical goal was to create a system of enquiry by which all men could eventually learn all there is to know about the world. This formed the basis of his systematic and deductive concept of logic.

Some of Aristotle's most accurate pre-scientific observations are found in his studies of marine biology. These proved to be far more accurate than his ideas about biology (which simply categorized animals as those with red blood and those without), perhaps in part because he performed thorough examinations of anatomy through dissection.

He also introduced the concept of metaphysics to philosophy, which went on to be discussed at length by many following philosophers, becoming a central part of the discipline itself.

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  • Q:

    What were Aristotle's philosophical beliefs?

    A:

    Among Aristotle’s many philosophical views was his belief that humans exist to achieve their own personal happiness. Aristotle is also well-known for his principles of scientific epistemology, and for his contributions to the field of metaphysics.

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  • Q:

    What is the philosophic legacy of Aristotle?

    A:

    The philosophic legacy of Aristotle was to irrevocably alter the course of Western thought, contributing his knowledge and wisdom even to the advancement of biology through his dissection and proto-taxonomic classifications, as well as to human learning itself. He was also Alexander the Great's personal tutor and founded his own academy called the Lyceum.

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    What was Aristotle's contribution to atomic theory?

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    Aristotle contributed to modern atomic theory by introducing alchemy, an ideology that chemists eventually rebelled against. Aristotle argued alchemy above observation and scientific research. His beliefs held that the world was made of elements endlessly divisible.

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  • Q:

    When did Aristotle make his discoveries?

    A:

    An accurate timeline of when Aristotle made certain discoveries is not available. He began his training in philosophy in 367 B.C. and stayed in Plato's academy until around 347 B.C. It was during this time that he showed an interest in medicine, science and metaphysics.

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