Aristotle is most commonly credited with formulating the building blocks of deductive logic, basic ethical and moral guidelines and laying the foundations for the biological classifications of animals. Although basic by the standards of modern science, Aristotle's classification was used for hundreds of years, and his philosophical work is still discussed today.Know More
Aristotle produced a number of texts outlining basic scientific enquiries, particularly in meteorology, which Aristotle defined as the study of the earth, water and natural events, as well as astronomical ones.
Aristotle's philosophical goal was to create a system of enquiry by which all men could eventually learn all there is to know about the world. This formed the basis of his systematic and deductive concept of logic.
Some of Aristotle's most accurate pre-scientific observations are found in his studies of marine biology. These proved to be far more accurate than his ideas about biology (which simply categorized animals as those with red blood and those without), perhaps in part because he performed thorough examinations of anatomy through dissection.
He also introduced the concept of metaphysics to philosophy, which went on to be discussed at length by many following philosophers, becoming a central part of the discipline itself.Learn more about Philosophy
Greek philosopher Aristotle created two classification systems to group living organisms based on several factors, including physical characteristics and perceived mental capacities. Aristotle organized living organisms physically on the basis of movement as well, which included walking, flying and swimming and in intellectual hierarchy through the Great Chain of Being, also called scala naturae. Aristotle introduced his systems of scientific classification in the 1600s, which classified organisms until the 1800s.Full Answer >
Aristotle classified organisms by grouping them by similar characteristics. These groups were called genera and he further divided the organisms within the genera.Full Answer >
Aristotle taught Alexander the Great rhetoric, literature and philosophy. Alexander's father King Philip II invited Aristotle to become his 13-year-old son's personal tutor around 338 B.C.Full Answer >
Aristotle contributed to modern atomic theory by introducing alchemy, an ideology that chemists eventually rebelled against. Aristotle argued alchemy above observation and scientific research. His beliefs held that the world was made of elements endlessly divisible.Full Answer >