Aristotle was responsible for major developments in many fields that are still studied today, including logic, zoology, science, astronomy and many more. Although many of his theories were eventually supplanted by more developed studies, his ideas were incredibly influential, and many of them still form the basis of modern thought.Know More
Aristotle's "Prior Analytics" is considered the earliest study of formal logic. Aristotle's ideas about logic were the basis of the field for over 2000 years until advances in mathematical logic displaced them in the early 19th century. The philosopher Immanuel Kant asserted in his landmark "Critique of Pure Reason" that Aristotle's ideas of logic formed the core of the notion of deductive reasoning.
Aristotle also performed pioneering research in zoology, classifying animals into different types based on physical characteristics. He perceived a continuum of simpler and more complex forms of life, and in devising the beginnings of taxonomic classification, he is celebrated as the father of zoology. Though he used different terms, he recognized a fundamental distinction between vertebrates and invertebrates. He was able to distinguish whales and dolphins from fish and completed anatomical studies of cephalopods and crustaceans that are still valid today. Aristotle articulated an understanding of the water cycle long before it could be verified and also determined that the Earth is round.Learn more about Philosophy
Aristotle taught Alexander the Great rhetoric, literature and philosophy. Alexander's father King Philip II invited Aristotle to become his 13-year-old son's personal tutor around 338 B.C.Full Answer >
Aristotle classified organisms by grouping them by similar characteristics. These groups were called genera and he further divided the organisms within the genera.Full Answer >
Greek philosopher Aristotle created two classification systems to group living organisms based on several factors, including physical characteristics and perceived mental capacities. Aristotle organized living organisms physically on the basis of movement as well, which included walking, flying and swimming and in intellectual hierarchy through the Great Chain of Being, also called scala naturae. Aristotle introduced his systems of scientific classification in the 1600s, which classified organisms until the 1800s.Full Answer >
The philosophic legacy of Aristotle was to irrevocably alter the course of Western thought, contributing his knowledge and wisdom even to the advancement of biology through his dissection and proto-taxonomic classifications, as well as to human learning itself. He was also Alexander the Great's personal tutor and founded his own academy called the Lyceum.Full Answer >