Confucius changed China by spreading teachings that became the official state philosophy, which changed many aspects of Chinese culture, including school teachings, etiquette, attitudes and government. Confucius was born during a time when the established social behavior and norms were not respected, and Confucius helped to change that.Know More
Confucius taught that people should respect their rulers. He also taught that the ideal man would have strong morals and good character. His teachings changed how the government was structured. Previously, government officials had to have been born into a royal family. Confucius taught that the ideal gentleman would be educated and of good character and would have noble intentions. These teachings influenced the government to accept gentlemen scholars as court officials. This meant that even poor people had the potential to become high-ranking officials.
Confucius' teachings were so well-respected that they were exported to neighboring countries. Although people have worshipped Confucius over the years, Confucianism is not a religion. It is a set of theories, philosophies and ideals. In spite of the fact that Confucius never taught about gods or religions, there have been temples built in his honor. Confucius never wrote down his teachings. They were recorded by his loyal disciples and spread throughout the nation.Learn more about Philosophy
Jean Jacques Rousseau was a writer, composer and philosopher in the 1700s who had many accomplishments, including publishing works that influence literature, society and politics, creating operas and contributing to music theory. Rousseau's political theories served as catalysts behind both the American and French Revolutions. His writing "Julie, ou la nouvelle Heloise" serves as the precursor to Romanticism in literature and fiction.Full Answer >
The chaotic neutral alignment, a character alignment from the role playing game Dungeons & Dragons, is marked by selfishness and reluctance to follow or recognize the existence of rules. Chaotic neutral characters are unpredictable, selfish, disloyal and independent. A strongly chaotic neutral character is chaotic to the point of seeming insane to outside observers.Full Answer >
John Locke was a reluctant democrat who believed in a direct form of democracy that existed only to protect its people and to allow them to have liberty and property. Locke believed that the moment a government tampered with a person's individual rights, that government would be rebelled against and would not be servings its people.Full Answer >
Voltaire, along with Locke and Rousseau, was a prominent figure during the period of Enlightenment; he wrote numerous literary works, including plays, history and philosophy, and spoke out against issues including religious freedom, free trade and civil liberties. Voltaire was born in Paris, France, in 1694. He was given the name of Francois-Marie Arouet at birth but adopted the name of Voltaire as his literary career progressed.Full Answer >