Q:

How did geography affect early civilizations?

A:

Quick Answer

According to the Canadian Museum of History, one of the primary ways geography affected early civilizations was in determining the location of settlements. Since early humans needed access to water and fertile ground for agriculture, cities tended to spring up along rivers and flood plains. In addition, geographic features such as mountains frequently served as barriers and provided natural borders between civilizations.

Know More
How did geography affect early civilizations?
Credit: Angelo Cavalli Getty Images

Full Answer

Early civilizations lacked the expertise needed to construct the elaborate works necessary to modify the land for their own use, such as massive irrigation systems or graded tunnels and roads to pass through natural barriers. The earliest cities were established in geographically beneficial areas, providing their citizens with ready access to the natural resources they needed. Egypt, for instance, enjoyed a massive agricultural benefit from the regular flooding of the Nile River, as well as protection from other civilizations created by the deserts and harsh terrain that surrounded the kingdom. Rivers and sea currents provided established trade routes between these civilizations and encouraged trade, while mountains acted as cultural barriers and allowed the people on either side autonomy from one another. Later civilizations learned to take advantage of geography to suit their needs, allowing for colonization of areas previously unsuitable for human habitation.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the "Out of Africa" theory?

    A:

    The "Out of Africa" theory is used in paleoanthropology to explain the geographic origin of modern day humans, and it asserts that modern humans evolved recently in Africa and migrated out into Eurasia, replacing all the regions that were once populated by lineages connected to Homo erectus. In the mainstream press, this theory goes by the moniker the "recent out of Africa model," but in academic literature, it is usually referred to as "recent single-origin hypothesis," "replacement hypothesis," or the "recent African origin" model.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What makes people unique?

    A:

    People are unique primarily because of differences in personality and beliefs. Every person has a different way of perceiving the world around him and attaching meaning to different situations. The characteristics of an individual are formed in early childhood and continue to change throughout adolescence and adulthood.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the definition of physical anthropology?

    A:

    Physical anthropology is the study of humankind's evolutionary changes and of biological differences, including genetic differences, between groups of humans. Anthropology in general is the study of humanity, and social anthropology is the study of human culture. Physical anthropology is sometimes called biological anthropology.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did the Miami tribe of Native American people live in?

    A:

    The Miami tribe, originally centered in Wisconsin, Ohio and Illinois, lived in wigwam-style oval homes made of woven reeds. One structure in each village, a council house, was of a more permanent wooden construction.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore