Islam originated in the city of Mecca, which is on the eastern side of the Arabian peninsula in modern-day Saudi Arabia. The Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, was a native of this city.
As an adult, Muhammad took up the habit of praying alone in the caves near Mecca. One day the angel Gabriel appeared to Muhammad during these prayers and commanded him to recite verses. These holy verses eventually became the Q'uran, or Koran, the holy book of Islam. The monotheistic message of this new revelation shook Muhammad's hometown, for much of the traffic through the town was related to the thriving polytheistic cults centered there. City leaders, dependent on the polytheism for their income, opposed Muhammad's new preaching, especially as be began to gain converts.
After increasing tension, Muhammad moved his followers to Medina, a nearby city, where his message continued to resonate despite the frequent attacks of the Meccans. Eventually, he went back to Mecca, capturing it and clearing out that city's central shrine, the Kaaba, of the shrines to other gods. He then moved to conquer all of Arabia. Though he died soon after his victories in the Arabian peninsula, his religion quickly spread from its birthplace throughout North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia, becoming a major force in world religion and politics.Learn More
Islam is a religion that is found all around the world, but it is primarily found in the Middle East and North Africa. It originated in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.Full Answer >
Islam was founded in the year 622. This date is when the Prophet Muhammed migrated from Mecca to Medina. The teachings of the prophet Muhammed are the foundation of Islam, as an expression of his surrender to Allah, who is believed to be the creator of the world.Full Answer >
The religion of Islam officially began in 610 A.D., when the prophet Muhammad claimed to receive divine revelation from the archangel Gabriel, who also appears in the Judeo-Christian Bible, according to Evidence for Christianity. The Islamic tradition rebels against the idea of Jesus Christ as the literal son of God. Muslims believe that the core belief system of Christianity, the Trinity and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, is deeply flawed.Full Answer >
There is no single leader of Islam, but the prophet of Islam is Muhammad. According to the Qur'an, Muhammad received revelations from Allah about life and piety that he was to spread to the people of the world.Full Answer >