Islam, the Muslim religion, originated in the Arabian Peninsula around 622. Islam's prophet, Muhammad, lived in Mecca, a city in the western part of the peninsula. Here he developed the core doctrines of the religion.Know More
Because of the central importance of Mecca in Islam, every able-bodied Muslim who has enough money must hake a pilgrimage to that city at least once in his lifetime. Islam also developed in Medina, a city around 270 miles from Mecca. Muhammad fled to this city for ten years after the elites of Mecca drove him out at the beginning of his ministry.
From these cities, Islam quickly spread across the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East and North Africa. By the early years of the 8th century, rulers governing in the name of Islam governed territories spreading from modern-day India to modern-day Spain.Learn more in Islam
According to a 2012 estimate by the U.S. government, the main religion in Egypt is Islam. About 90 percent of Egypt's residents are Sunni Muslims.Full Answer >
The main and official religion of Afghanistan is Islam, which represents around 99 percent of the country's population of 33 million. More than 80 percent of Afghan Muslims practice Sunni Islam, while a small minority identify as Shia.Full Answer >
Although the Muslim religion discourages the creation of images of Muhammad, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City offers a lesson plan about the prophet along with some illustrations on its website. Controversial satirical images of the prophet can be found in publications such as Charlie Hebdo.Full Answer >
Jerusalem is important to Muslims because it is believed that the Prophet Muhammad ascended to the heavens from Jerusalem after being taken there from Mecca. Muslims also faced Jerusalem in prayer instead of Mecca because of its connection to Moses, Abraham, Jesus and other prophets.Full Answer >