Robert Hooke was one of the great encyclopedic polymaths of 17th-century science. As a founding member of the Royal Society, Hooke made foundational contributions to the fields of astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering and architecture. His work with springs led to the articulation of what became known as "Hooke's Law," which describes the principles of elasticityKnow More
Inspired by the reports of microorganisms from Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke began a series of observations through a microscope of his own design. These observations culminated in 1665 with the publication of "Micrographia," Hooke's compendium of observations of microscopic life. Hooke also developed the cell theory of biology from these investigations after observing plant cells for the first time. He was the first scientist to examine fossils through a microscope, and he showed conclusively that they were of biological origin, which was then a minority opinion.
Shortly after the publication of his book, Hooke became the Chief Surveyor in the reconstruction of London after the great fire. To the end of his life, he served as the Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College in London and worked as the Royal Society's curator of experiments. His practical innovations include the iris diaphragm, the respirator and the balance spring.Learn more about Philosophy
Robert Hooke was an influential, experimental scientist in the 17th century. He studied all forms of science including astronomy, chemistry, biology, physics, geology and paleontology.Full Answer >
Robert Hooke worked at the Royal Society in England. He was an English physicist. He invented the air pump when he worked as an assistant for the famous chemist Robert Boyle. He propounded the law of elasticity, which is now known as Hooke’s Law.Full Answer >
Robert Hooke developed the law of elasticity, known as Hooke's Law, which states that stress is directly proportional to strain. He is also the originator of the word "cell" in biology.Full Answer >
Robert Hooke's microscope, or more precisely his refinements to the microscope, led to his discovery of the cell, the building block of all life. His findings were published in "Micrographia" in 1665.Full Answer >