Sikhism originated in the late 15th century in the area of South Asia called the Punjab, which is now part of India and Pakistan. Its founder, Guru Nanak, was born in the Punjabi village of Talwandi, now known as Nankana in Pakistan.Know More
Born a Hindu, Nanak became dissatisfied with the religion in which he had been raised. He traveled extensively in India, China and the Middle East expressing his belief in one creator and preaching against the caste system and idolatry. According to the Sikhs, he was the first Guru in whom the spirit of the eternal Guru resided. Nine other human Gurus followed. The fifth Guru, Arjan, established Amritsar in present-day India as the capital of Sikhism and compiled the Adi Granth, the book of Sikh scripture. In 1606, he was executed as a threat to the state. The sixth Guru, Hargobind, began to militarize the Sikhs.
The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, while forcing his subjects to embrace Islam, arrested and killed the ninth Guru, Tegh Bahadur, in 1675. In 1699, the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh, re-established the Sikhs as a military group called the Khalsa. He also established the Sikh ceremony of initiation and the five defining characteristics of the appearance of a Sikh, which include uncut hair, a steel bracelet, a wooden comb, cotton underwear and a steel sword. The Sikhs believe that the 10th Guru was the last human incarnation of the eternal Guru, and that the Guru now dwells in the Adi Granth, the sacred scripture.Learn more about Religion
Judaism began in a region known as Canaan, which is located in territories belonging to Palestine and Israel. The location of Canaan is unknown as the name of the territory tended to move with the Jewish people, yet it is generally the region between the Jordan and the Mediterranean. The name refers to the area where the Hebrew people lived. At times it refers to all of the Egyptian Empire.Full Answer >
Amerigo Vespucci explored the world for Spain and Portugal during the late 15th century and early 16th century. The precise amount of his exploration is controversial. Some researchers believe that letters supposedly written by Vespucci that describe his journeys are forgeries.Full Answer >
Jag Bani is a Punjabi-language newspaper distributed in Punjab, India in the Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. It covers business and political news, sports and current events in India. The paper also features an online issue in the Punjabi language.Full Answer >
In Punjab, individuals have to prepare for two tests to get a driving license: the test of knowledge for earning a learner’s license and the test of driving competence for obtaining the driving license. The Children Traffic Park Driver Test Branch conducts these driving tests.Full Answer >