Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.Know More
The Socratic method is described in Plato's "Socratic Dialogues." It is a method that works to clarify a person's own beliefs, as well as evaluate their worth, while clarifying the concepts of good and justice. He believed that a person could find the answer to any problem by first breaking it down into a series of questions and then finding the answer in the responses to those questions.
Socrates was very concerned with achieving practical results for society and he focused on an ethical system of dogma rather than a theological doctrine. He believed human choice was always motivated by an inner desire for happiness. He also believed that ultimate wisdom would come to a person who knew themselves because the greater the person's ability to reason, then the better the person's ability to make choices that would bring about great happiness.
The details of Socrates' methods and life come to historians in the form of his associates and his students. There is no proof that Socrates left behind any written works, making it difficult to ascertain his whole ideology. The details that historians do have come from Plato, Aristophanes and Xenophon.Learn more about Philosophy
Plato is famous for being one of the most influential figures in Western philosophy, and his student Aristotle went on to have a similarly large impact on the world. According to Alfred North Whitehead, a mathematician and philosopher, "The safest general characterisation of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."Full Answer >
In addition to being considered one of the founders of Western philosophy, Socrates is remembered for his iconic trial and execution for irreverence by the Athenian democracy, his development of what came to be known as the Socratic Method and for the almost religious admiration accorded him. Socrates also led a lifestyle that was somewhat contrary to what represented the norm for citizens of Athens during the 5th century B.C. and he gained a reputation as an often irritating social and moral critic of Athenian collective notions. Rigorous self-examination was strongly advocated by Socrates, and one of his most well-known quotes is "the unexamined life is not worth living," which he famously stated at his trial.Full Answer >
Socrates differed from the Sophists because he believed in looking for the absolute truth in an objective fashion, while the Sophists believed that people should make decisions based on what they felt was "true" inside of themselves. Socrates felt that society needed wisdom, and that wisdom was more than the subjective "truth" that the sophists praised.Full Answer >
The famous Athenian philosopher Socrates was charged with two specific crimes: impiety and corruption of the youth. These charges stemmed from controversial decisions Socrates made as member of the Boule, decisions that ultimately upset influential figures and likely outraged public sentiment as well.Full Answer >