John Locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while Thomas Hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there would be nothing but fighting among people. Locke supported a representative government such as the English Parliament, while Hobbes supported the absolute power of leaders such as kings.Know More
Locke believed that people had rights that were intrinsic and could not be taken away by others, such as the right to property and to happiness. He believed that people should be free to make their own choices as long as they were not dangerous to others. Locke also believed that the government should be representative and that the people should have the opportunity to elect leaders. However, despite this belief in representative government, Locke only wanted people with land and an education to be able to be elected because he felt the average person would not be able to make good decisions for the nation.
Hobbes believed that people at their core had tempers and were mean when left alone because nature forced them to be that way in order to survive. He thought that people would not be able to be productive or live in peace without a strong authoritative power telling them what to do. He believed that this should come in the form of an absolute ruler so that there would always be a "consistent exercise of political authority."Learn more about Philosophy
Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher, believed that people are naturally selfish and cruel, and governments are needed to protect them from each other. He also believed that people let themselves be ruled by dictators and kings because they make society more orderly and stable. The fear of a violent death also would motivate people to surrender their rights and submit to absolute power.Full Answer >
According to John Locke, governments are formed through the consent of the people being governed. These political entities primarily exist to preserve the fundamental rights of the people and to promote the general welfare of the public.Full Answer >
The Social Contract Theory states that some amount of individual liberty must be given up in favor of common security. Thomas Hobbes stated that men would always be in a condition of war if they did what they wanted all of the time.Full Answer >
John Locke is regarded as one of the most fundamental philosophers in the world, being responsible for greatly influencing the ideals behind both the French Enlightenment and the American Revolution, as well as founding the philosophical school of thought called Realism. John Locke was born in 1632, went on to study at Oxford University, where he studied medicine.Full Answer >