Transcendentalism was an American movement in literature, philosophy and politics that emerged in the 1820s and 1830s. The movement first developed among New England Congregationalists, who rejected the notions of predestination and the Trinity of God. Transcendentalism was heavily influenced by the skepticism of Scottish philosopher David Hume as well as English and German Romanticism. The movement emphasized independence, self-reliance and an individual connection to nature and the universe.Know More
Transcendentalists were influenced in particular by David Hume's notion that no proof of religion or God could be empirically verified. Ralph Waldo Emerson, the leading figure in the Transcendentalist movement, was deeply influenced by Hume's "Dialogues on Natural Religion" while studying at Harvard. Another significant text for the movement was the 1825 English translation of F. D. E. Schleiermacher's "Critical Essay Upon the Gospel of St. Luke," which proposed the notion that the Bible was a creation of human culture and history, rather than a divine document. Johann Gottfried van Herder's "Spirit of Hebrew Poetry," first published in German in 1782 but not translated into English until 1833, also complicated the distinction between human-produced poetry and the supposedly divine words of religious texts.
While van Herder's work called religious authority into question, it also asserted that equally relevant texts could still be produced. Emerson's 1836 essay "Nature," widely considered the catalyzing text of Transcendentalism, echoed many of van Herder's sentiments.Learn More
The beginning of poverty in the United States is historically related to the Great Depression after the stock market crashed. More modern influences on poverty include the 2008 recession.Full Answer >
The origins of poverty date back to the 16th century, with the emergence of the New World, increased trade and the arrival of modern economics. Poverty emerged simultaneously with wealth. Gaps in income developed within and among nations, through combinations of geographical location, politics and access to resources and training.Full Answer >
The most efficient way of organizing a new group is through the Internet. To be successful, you need access to a computer with an Internet connection and a vision that has the power to unite strangers to a common cause. With proper planning and dedication, your group will grow over time.Full Answer >
Racism in the United States has been around since the 1400s, beginning when European settlers began colonizing America. Europeans, in their quest to "civilize" people, began taking slaves and treating people who looked different from them as inferior.Full Answer >