Some of these differences between Catholics and Protestants include their beliefs about what happens when followers take communion and the role of Jesus Christ's mother, Mary. Catholics also follow an infallible leader, the Pope.Know More
One of the biggest differences between the two denominations is that Catholics believe that the communion elements, the wine and bread, mysteriously become the real body and blood of Christ, which is called transubstantiation. Protestant denominations vary on what happens to the elements during communion, but they don't believe in transubstantiation.
The role of Mary is different in the Catholic Church. She has a much more elevated position as the symbol of motherhood and a role model of Christian perfection for women. Catholics believe Mary ascended into heaven in much the same manner as Christ when his time on Earth was over.
The Roman Catholic Pope is considered God's emissary on Earth. The Pope has the ability to change dogma about church beliefs.
Tradition is more important to Catholics than to Protestants. Although most Protestant denominations believe that tradition informs their beliefs, it is a little lower down on the scale. The Bible, reason and experience are also ways that Christians develop their faith. They are held in higher regard than tradition in most Protestant denominations.Learn more about Christianity
The primary difference between Catholics and Episcopalians is that Catholics believe in transubstantiation, the belief in the pope's authority and the need for private communion as well as different rules for priests, birth control and saints. Transubstantiation is the belief that the communion actually becomes the real body and blood of Christ when the priest prays over the communion.Full Answer >
The core Roman Catholic beliefs were first defined in 325 A.D. The beliefs now known as the Nicene Creed or the Constantinopolitan Creed were defined in the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople.Full Answer >
The two key differences between Methodist and Presbyterian beliefs are that Methodists reject the Calvinist doctrine of predestination while Presbyterians accept it and that the Methodist church is organized along traditional episcopal lines, whereas Presbyterians have their own unique system of leadership by elders (or "presbyters"). Otherwise, these two Christian denominations share many of the same qualities.Full Answer >
Some major differences between the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England (Anglican) include women, gays and lesbians in the clergy; priests are allowed to marry; and greater local control over churches instead of a strong central authority, according to About.com. The Anglican Church was started by King Henry VIII of England when he split with the pope regarding his divorce.Full Answer >