Equality refers to fairness, and in particular to universal access (to employment or health care, for instance), whereas diversity is about recognizing and embracing differences within an institution, workforce or society. In this respect, the two concepts are somewhat at odds with each other, with one stressing homogeneity (sameness) and the other highlighting heterogeneity (difference). Even so, equality and diversity are very often used together, sometimes even interchangeably.
Often, people will speak of ensuring equality by recognizing diversity. While this may seem a contradiction at first, the ethnic, religious and sexual diversity of contemporary societies demands such a holistic approach. In order to treat individuals with equal respect, care and attention, their diverse, individual needs must be taken into account.
Those people who strive for diversity in organizations emphasize the value of difference. A diverse workforce, for instance, will be much better equipped to meet the needs of their diverse customers or clients. Furthermore, the more valued each member of a workforce feels, the more productive they are likely to be.
Ethnicity (or race), religion and sexuality are not the only factors to consider. Societies are also divided into groups of varying wealth (or class), age, physical ability or mental health and of course gender. While equality is often backed by anti-discrimination laws, in practice, it requires an ongoing commitment to diversity.Learn More
Role strain in sociology is when a particular role a person needs to fulfill is strained due to excessive obligations or multiple demands on time, energy or available resources. An example of this is the role of a single parent who fulfills the obligations of being a breadwinner, providing child care, housekeeping, vehicle maintenance, homework assistance, wellness and other related aspects of parenting. The parent's role is strained by the demands of fulfilling the numerous obligations adequately.Full Answer >
Both residual and institutional social welfare often fall under the same polarized arguments that affect welfare in general, with the view opposed to welfare being that it limits personal freedoms (in terms of property rights in particular), and that redistributed taxation is a form of theft, with the favorable view stating that welfare is practical, democratic and humanitarian in nature. How a welfare system is implemented is generally determined by the most influential of these overall arguments.Full Answer >
Social diversity is all of the ways that people within a single culture are set apart from each other. Elements of social diversity can include ethnicity, lifestyle, religion, language, tastes and preferences.Full Answer >
The issue of poverty can be solved through education, economic security, water and sanitation, health care and job creation. There are many people earning less that $2 per day. Non-governmental organizations, governments and other organizations have played an important role in identifying major causes of poverty and striving to provide solutions.Full Answer >