The concepts of elastic and inelastic demand are used in economics to describe change processes, and the differences between the terms are defined by the amount of change occurring within a given system. Areas of economic study related to supply and demand utilize these concepts.Know More
Elastic demand means that the amount or quantity of a certain product changes in large measure when the price of the product changes, particularly when the percentage of change in the quantity of the product being demanded is greater than the change in price. Inelastic demand means that the amount or quantity of a certain product changes in small measure when the price of the product changes, particularly when the percentage of change in the quantity of product being demanded is less than the change in price. Elasticity and inelasticity relate to the magnitude of change within the system.
Elastic and inelastic demand are measured as the percentage of change in the demand for something divided by the percentage of change in price. Similarly, elastic and inelastic supply are measured as a percentage of change in the supply of something divided by the percentage of change in price. Elasticities are recorded as negative numbers, since demand curves are always negative sloping.Learn more about Economics
Examples of elastic goods are coffee, airline tickets and stocks. Examples of inelastic goods are water, electricity, and telephone service. The elasticity of a good is the sensitivity of its demand to changes in its price.Full Answer >
Examples of products that have elastic supplies are specifically branded items that have alternatives like Campbell's soup, Marlboro cigarettes and Porsche vehicles; products that have inelastic supplies are cigarettes, gasoline and salt. Products that have an inelastic supply are products that do not have a viable alternative, and buyers will continue to buy them despite the price increase.Full Answer >
Pricing policy refers to the way a company sets the prices of its services and products basing on their value, demand, cost of production and the market competition. Pricing policy is essential for all companies as it provides a guideline for creating profits and areas that bring in losses. Pricing policy goes hand in hand with pricing strategy.Full Answer >
"Descriptive economics" involves gathering and compiling data about the economy, while "economic theory" involves the interpretation of this data as well as the formation of hypotheses. Descriptive economics occurs when economists make observations, notice patterns and record facts.Full Answer >