Formal regions are used to identify specific areas defined by a characteristic, like an ocean or continent, while functional regions are used to define areas containing a kind of service, such as cable television, or points on a map that are a terminals for an activity, such as travel or communication via telephone. For example, if people travel between Mexico City and New York City, the two cities may be defined as functional regions in relationship with each other. Functional and formal regions often overlap each other.Know More
A formal region is used to describe a specific area that is defined by economics, physical properties, culture or government. Examples of formal regions are the United States, the Swiss Alps and the corn-growing areas in a specific area. These regions are often concrete and physical in nature with specific boundaries that set them apart from other regions in the world.
A functional region is in place for the sole purpose of a specific entity. For example, an electric company may set up regions throughout an area that makes it easier for them to service that area. These regions may change with time and often do not have physical barrier points.
A nodal region is another type of functional region. These regions are specific to one area. They are established when a relationship between two places, which become the nodal regions, is observed. For example, if 200 people traveled from Milwaukee to Australia every year, Milwaukee would be a U.S. nodal region, represented by a point on a map in a relationship with another nodal region, Australia.Learn more in Social Sciences
The difference between values and norms is that the former are abstract thoughts while the latter are external actions. In sociology, a culture's values relate to commonly held beliefs about what is considered desirable and proper, while cultural norms are the established behaviors that reflect those values.Full Answer >
Rights refer to the privileges accorded to you by a governing body, and are usually written into laws; responsibilities are the obligations or duties that can either be assigned to you or assumed by you. Rights can be challenged or defended in a court of law.Full Answer >
Patrilineal societies are societies in which inheritance and royal succession trace through the father of the family. Matrilineal societies are those in which royal succession and inheritance trace through the mother.Full Answer >
The primary difference between a community and a society is that a community is limited to a specific geographic location, but a society can be made up of people who live in different places. Another difference is that a society is made up of direct and indirect social connections between people, but a community is made up of individuals who are more closely connected. For example, people who live in a town represent a community, whereas everyone who lives in the state the town is located in makes up a society.Full Answer >