An idealist focuses on things as they should be, whereas a realist focuses on things as they are. While an idealist is not satisfied until he sees reality achieve its optimal state, a realist is content with the most approximate results. These two philosophies are informed by distinct metaphysics that originated in ancient Greece.Know More
Idealism is a focus on the ideal, that which is perfect and uncorrupted. For the idealist, ideas are the true reality. This way of thinking in large part comes from Plato, who conceived of a special plane of existence in which every idea has a pure and perfect form. For Plato, true wisdom and enlightenment comes when one consciously experiences these ideals. Thus, idealists are unsatisfied with the imperfections of the mundane. They are generally confident in their ability to implement their conception of "the good" despite considerable practical obstructions.
Realists look at things the way they are. Unlike idealists, they are more prone to accept obstacles and settle for "good enough." Aristotle, a student of Plato, espoused an early form of realism. He rejected the notion of a plane of perfect forms. Instead of conceiving of the best possible social order, he studied existing systems of government and analyzed their strengths and weaknesses to determine what works in reality.Learn more about Philosophy
In addition to being considered one of the founders of Western philosophy, Socrates is remembered for his iconic trial and execution for irreverence by the Athenian democracy, his development of what came to be known as the Socratic Method and for the almost religious admiration accorded him. Socrates also led a lifestyle that was somewhat contrary to what represented the norm for citizens of Athens during the 5th century B.C. and he gained a reputation as an often irritating social and moral critic of Athenian collective notions. Rigorous self-examination was strongly advocated by Socrates, and one of his most well-known quotes is "the unexamined life is not worth living," which he famously stated at his trial.Full Answer >
While technology has vastly improved the way people live and communicate, it also affects the safety of personal information. With so much information available through different modes of technology, it increases the risk of fraud and cybercrimes.Full Answer >
Nationalism is an ideology that fosters deep attachment to one's nation, whereas sectionalism is allegiance to one's particular section of the country. The distinction between nationalism and sectionalism is most significant in describing the political climate of the antebellum era of the United States, when sectional conflict between the north and south overwhelmed nationalist feelings and led the country to civil war.Full Answer >
According to Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University, realism in literature was a movement that, in reaction to Romanticism, focused on the real world and familiar kinds of characters as opposed to the fantastical or supernatural. Naturalism was a later extension of realism marked by a pessimistic attitude towards humanity and an attempt to apply the scientific method to the writing of fiction.Full Answer >