Instinct, or innate behavior, is an action that is impulsive or immediate based on a particular trigger or circumstance. Learned behavior is an action that someone learns or develops over time through observation, education, training or experience. Many scientists believe that most human behaviors are a result of some level of both instinct and learned behavior.Know More
Babies cooing, sucking and crying for food or diaper changes are examples of innate behaviors. Newborns often come out of the womb crying; therefore, this response to hunger, fear or discomfort is hard-wired. Basic bodily actions, such as chewing, swallowing or reacting to physical pain are instinctive as well. Flinching and closing the eyes are innate defensive behaviors in response to someone throwing a punch. However, professional boxers and martial artists improve their responsiveness by training to react more quickly to such physical threats.
Learned behaviors occur when someone develops new skills or improves on a skill that may already exist instinctively. Professional athletes learn to perform sports-based actions at peak levels through practice and the development of helpful physical attributes. Learned behaviors are often developed through repetition. Parents and managers try to motivate desirable behaviors by rewarding certain actions and implementing consequences for undesired actions.Learn more about Psychology
Negative reinforcement is a concept in psychology's theory of operant conditioning that suggests a behavior is strengthened when a negative outcome is stopped, removed, avoided or prevented. Negative reinforcement is an effective method of strengthening a desired behavior. Unlike punishment, negative reinforcement attempts to increase a specific behavior.Full Answer >
Escape conditioning is the term used to describe a subject's or animal's avoidance of stimuli, usually as a result of negative experiences, which leads to the behavior. If a person had a bad experience while swimming in the ocean, for example, leaving or avoiding any situation that involved going into the ocean again is a form of escape conditioning.Full Answer >
Interpersonal behavior is the behavior and actions that are present in human relationships. The way in which people communicate, and all that this entails, is considered interpersonal behavior.Full Answer >
In biology, a stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to change its behavior in order to make the environment more satisfactory. For instance, hunger motivates animals to seek food, predators stimulate prey to run away or hide, and falling temperatures encourage creatures to seek shelter or find warmth in other ways.Full Answer >