Instinct, or innate behavior, is an action that is impulsive or immediate based on a particular trigger or circumstance. Learned behavior is an action that someone learns or develops over time through observation, education, training or experience. Many scientists believe that most human behaviors are a result of some level of both instinct and learned behavior.Know More
Babies cooing, sucking and crying for food or diaper changes are examples of innate behaviors. Newborns often come out of the womb crying; therefore, this response to hunger, fear or discomfort is hard-wired. Basic bodily actions, such as chewing, swallowing or reacting to physical pain are instinctive as well. Flinching and closing the eyes are innate defensive behaviors in response to someone throwing a punch. However, professional boxers and martial artists improve their responsiveness by training to react more quickly to such physical threats.
Learned behaviors occur when someone develops new skills or improves on a skill that may already exist instinctively. Professional athletes learn to perform sports-based actions at peak levels through practice and the development of helpful physical attributes. Learned behaviors are often developed through repetition. Parents and managers try to motivate desirable behaviors by rewarding certain actions and implementing consequences for undesired actions.Learn More
According to Psychology Today, psychological hardiness refers to the coping strategies, attitudes and beliefs that help people work through the stressors of life. These traits tend to fall into three major categories: challenge, control and commitment.Full Answer >
Neo-Pavlovian conditioning refers to a concept in Aldus Huxley's "Brave New World" by which human babies are conditioned through electroshock to shun books and flowers, according to SparkNotes. As the babies crawl toward books and flowers, their caretakers administer a mild electric shock. The scientists in the book determined it takes nearly 200 repetitions of the shock treatment for the infants to abhor books and flowers completely.Full Answer >
A person's attitudes and behaviors, as well as propensity for certain health conditions, are often part of the nature versus nurture debate. The roles of a person's chemical makeup and their environmental influences in forming attitudes and behaviors are debated under this argument.Full Answer >
Men act the way they do as a result of their testosterone levels. High and low levels of this hormone influence sex drive, depression, aggression, stress, anxiety and a variety of other behaviors in men.Full Answer >