Legalism emphasizes the proscribing of laws in order to ensure public order, whereas Confucianism is more concerned with instilling morality. Both philosophies are very concerned with how to effectively govern a state, but they take very different approaches. Legalism favors a complex system of rewards and punishments to control human behavior, while Confucianism places importance on virtuous rulers who teach the people by example.
Legalism arose in response to Chinese rulers who desired to unify the country. The advisers who developed and systematized Legalism were interested in organizing society on a rational basis and placed great emphasis on strengthening the military and agricultural sectors. Ultimately, the Legalist solution was to highly regulate Chinese society and give harsh punishments for disobedience. This tendency culminated in the brutality of the Qin Dynasty. The oppressive force of the Qin led to the dynasty's downfall.
Confucianism's stance directly opposes Legalism. It is based on the notion that law without morality is a weak basis for society. If people are virtuous, there is no need for stringent laws. Confucius taught the importance of four virtues: sincerity, benevolence, filial piety and propriety. Whereas Legalists emphasized devotion to the state and subordinated religious rites and traditions to political sovereignty, Confucius espoused the necessity of reverencing ancestors though commemoration and ceremony.Learn More
Many people believe peace is important in order to avoid unnecessary conflicts that might hinder progress or even result in the loss of life. There are many organizations devoted to fostering peace within the domestic and global spheres. For example, organizations such as the Peace Corps emphasize the importance of understanding others in order to enrich life within the global community..Full Answer >
A mission describes a group or individual’s intentions or what they strive to accomplish, while a vision describes larger goals that are anticipated to come into fruition from their efforts. These two words are commonly used together in businesses. They are used in the realization and implementation of actions needed to reach a goal.Full Answer >
The difference between appearance and reality is studied extensively in the field of metaphysics. According to the University of Oregon, appearances are deceptive and derivative, whereas reality is genuine. For instance, the appearance of the size of the sun from an observer on the ground is not the reality of the actual size of the sun but rather a derivative formed by the observer.Full Answer >
Nationalism is an ideology that fosters deep attachment to one's nation, whereas sectionalism is allegiance to one's particular section of the country. The distinction between nationalism and sectionalism is most significant in describing the political climate of the antebellum era of the United States, when sectional conflict between the north and south overwhelmed nationalist feelings and led the country to civil war.Full Answer >