Legalism emphasizes the proscribing of laws in order to ensure public order, whereas Confucianism is more concerned with instilling morality. Both philosophies are very concerned with how to effectively govern a state, but they take very different approaches. Legalism favors a complex system of rewards and punishments to control human behavior, while Confucianism places importance on virtuous rulers who teach the people by example.Know More
Legalism arose in response to Chinese rulers who desired to unify the country. The advisers who developed and systematized Legalism were interested in organizing society on a rational basis and placed great emphasis on strengthening the military and agricultural sectors. Ultimately, the Legalist solution was to highly regulate Chinese society and give harsh punishments for disobedience. This tendency culminated in the brutality of the Qin Dynasty. The oppressive force of the Qin led to the dynasty's downfall.
Confucianism's stance directly opposes Legalism. It is based on the notion that law without morality is a weak basis for society. If people are virtuous, there is no need for stringent laws. Confucius taught the importance of four virtues: sincerity, benevolence, filial piety and propriety. Whereas Legalists emphasized devotion to the state and subordinated religious rites and traditions to political sovereignty, Confucius espoused the necessity of reverencing ancestors though commemoration and ceremony.Learn more about Philosophy
John Locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while Thomas Hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there would be nothing but fighting among people. Locke supported a representative government such as the English Parliament, while Hobbes supported the absolute power of leaders such as kings.Full Answer >
Socrates focused on asking probing, sometimes humiliating questions in order to learn, Plato believed in immortality of the soul and Aristotle was a champion of reason and believed in avoiding extremes. While the three philosophers had differences, they were more alike as Aristotle was the student of Plato and Plato was the student of Socrates.Full Answer >
In order to rest, a person must stop anything he is doing that is work intensive and give his brain a break from concentrated activity. Resting doesn't necessarily mean sleep; it can be achieved by stopping to read a book or play a game for several minutes or longer.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that social contract occurred when men would transfer some or all of their rights to the government in order to ensure a comfortable living. Locke felt that social contract was part of a man's promise for freedom.Full Answer >