Q:

What is the difference between nationalism and sectionalism?

A:

Nationalism is an ideology that fosters deep attachment to one's nation, whereas sectionalism is allegiance to one's particular section of the country. The distinction between nationalism and sectionalism is most significant in describing the political climate of the antebellum era of the United States, when sectional conflict between the north and south overwhelmed nationalist feelings and led the country to civil war.

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains that nationalism is a spirit of intense affinity for one's nation, which is a ethnic and cultural unit. Nationalism emphasizes the value of the traditions, practices, customs, institutions, language and history of the nation, often romanticizing these elements and downplaying imperfections. In the context of history, nationalism is often used to characterize the zeal that provoked the nations of Europe to engage in the two world wars.

Sectionalism of the degree seen in Civil War era America is rare among most nation-states because the nation is typically a single cultural entity. Thus, smaller political units, like cities, do not have enough cultural independence to inspire an allegiance stronger than one's loyalty to the nation. Because the United States was a union of autonomous states with their own identity, the American people prior to the civil war did not have a strong national identity and tended to place allegiance to their own state above allegiance to the country.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is an example of personification in Martin Luther King's speech?

    A:

    An example of personification in Martin Luther King's speech is, "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed." Personification gives human qualities to something that is not human.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between appearance and reality?

    A:

    The difference between appearance and reality is studied extensively in the field of metaphysics. According to the University of Oregon, appearances are deceptive and derivative, whereas reality is genuine. For instance, the appearance of the size of the sun from an observer on the ground is not the reality of the actual size of the sun but rather a derivative formed by the observer.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between mission and vision?

    A:

    A mission describes a group or individual’s intentions or what they strive to accomplish, while a vision describes larger goals that are anticipated to come into fruition from their efforts. These two words are commonly used together in businesses. They are used in the realization and implementation of actions needed to reach a goal.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between legalism and confucianism?

    A:

    Legalism emphasizes the proscribing of laws in order to ensure public order, whereas Confucianism is more concerned with instilling morality. Both philosophies are very concerned with how to effectively govern a state, but they take very different approaches. Legalism favors a complex system of rewards and punishments to control human behavior, while Confucianism places importance on virtuous rulers who teach the people by example.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore