Nationalism is an ideology that fosters deep attachment to one's nation, whereas sectionalism is allegiance to one's particular section of the country. The distinction between nationalism and sectionalism is most significant in describing the political climate of the antebellum era of the United States, when sectional conflict between the north and south overwhelmed nationalist feelings and led the country to civil war.Know More
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains that nationalism is a spirit of intense affinity for one's nation, which is a ethnic and cultural unit. Nationalism emphasizes the value of the traditions, practices, customs, institutions, language and history of the nation, often romanticizing these elements and downplaying imperfections. In the context of history, nationalism is often used to characterize the zeal that provoked the nations of Europe to engage in the two world wars.
Sectionalism of the degree seen in Civil War era America is rare among most nation-states because the nation is typically a single cultural entity. Thus, smaller political units, like cities, do not have enough cultural independence to inspire an allegiance stronger than one's loyalty to the nation. Because the United States was a union of autonomous states with their own identity, the American people prior to the civil war did not have a strong national identity and tended to place allegiance to their own state above allegiance to the country.Learn more about Philosophy
An example of personification in Martin Luther King's speech is, "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed." Personification gives human qualities to something that is not human.Full Answer >
According to Professor Paul Brians of Washington State University, realism in literature was a movement that, in reaction to Romanticism, focused on the real world and familiar kinds of characters as opposed to the fantastical or supernatural. Naturalism was a later extension of realism marked by a pessimistic attitude towards humanity and an attempt to apply the scientific method to the writing of fiction.Full Answer >
Developed by French philosopher Auguste Comte, the theory of positivism asserts that all justifiable claims may be verified by scientific proofs involving the physical senses. This method of thought contrasts with interpretivism's emphasis on the metaphysical elements of social interaction through which people may make adjustments around one another.Full Answer >
The difference between epistemology and ontology in part is the subject that is being studied by each. In ontology, the study of being or existence and questions of what kinds of entities exist are studied. In epistemology, the study of knowing and how we come to know and questions about what knowledge is and how knowledge is possible are studied.Full Answer >