In a monopoly, one firm holds the power to set prices. In an oligopoly, a few firms hold the power to set prices together. When only two firms hold the power to set prices in an industry, it is called a duopoly. A duopoly is a form of oligopoly.Know More
When a firm is so prominent in an industry that it contains the power to determine supply and demand, it is considered to have a monopoly over that industry. The prefix "mono" comes from the Greek "monos," meaning "alone" or "one." The prefix "olig" is from the Greek "oligos," which means "a few." Therefore, an oligarchy is when the same power held by one company in a monopoly is shared by a few companies.
There are several different types of oligopolies. There are those in which the few companies are actually working together to control a market, those in which the companies are working separately but simultaneously and those where one company leads the others but does not have a distinct enough advantage to gain power over them.
In both monopolies and oligopolies, firms control markets in either one of two ways. They either control the supply of a product or service, thereby increasing demand, or they control the pricing, thereby controlling what consumers pay.Learn more about Economics
Perfect competition is characterized by factors like multiple sellers (or competitors), identical products on the market, sellers accepting rather than influencing market prices and free entry and exit into the given industry. In the actual business world, perfect competition is extremely rare, but it is an important economic concept.Full Answer >
Pricing policy refers to the way a company sets the prices of its services and products basing on their value, demand, cost of production and the market competition. Pricing policy is essential for all companies as it provides a guideline for creating profits and areas that bring in losses. Pricing policy goes hand in hand with pricing strategy.Full Answer >
Inflation is an increase in prices, which affects the economy by reducing the purchase power of consumers, causing companies to earn less revenue. Inflation also increases the rate of unemployment.Full Answer >
A natural monopoly occurs when a single company is the most efficient way to supply a good or service. In this situation, one large supplier has a cost advantage over any potential competitors.Full Answer >