Q:

What is the difference between structuralism and functionalism?

A:

In the fields of psychology and sociology, structuralism proposes that consciousness is best understood through the systematic study of the anatomy of the brain while functionalism suggests that cognitive processes were governed by the function of the mind. Structuralism emerged in Germany while functionalism started in the United States.

The key proponents for the school of structuralism were Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchener, while the influential figures who developed the school of functionalism were William James, G. Stanley Hall and James M. Cattell. Structuralists focused on "how" the mind is structured, while functionalists delved in "why" and "how" the brain functions. 

Sources:

  1. psu.edu
  2. niu.edu

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between values and norms?

    A:

    The difference between values and norms is that the former are abstract thoughts while the latter are external actions. In sociology, a culture's values relate to commonly held beliefs about what is considered desirable and proper, while cultural norms are the established behaviors that reflect those values.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between discrimination and prejudice?

    A:

    Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between urban and rural?

    A:

    The term "urban" includes land areas, populations and housing developments located in urbanized areas, such as cities and towns or urban clusters, while "rural" refers to territory, populations and housing units located outside urbanized areas or clusters. Urban areas or urban centers feature densely populated landscapes, and typically have census-determined population densities of more than 1,000 residents per square mile. Rural areas, in contrast, generally have fewer than 500 people per square mile, and fall outside the borders of urbanized areas, urban clusters and their surrounding census blocks.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between deontology and utilitarianism?

    A:

    The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. Utilitarianism focuses only on results.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore