In the fields of psychology and sociology, structuralism proposes that consciousness is best understood through the systematic study of the anatomy of the brain while functionalism suggests that cognitive processes were governed by the function of the mind. Structuralism emerged in Germany while functionalism started in the United States.
The key proponents for the school of structuralism were Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchener, while the influential figures who developed the school of functionalism were William James, G. Stanley Hall and James M. Cattell. Structuralists focused on "how" the mind is structured, while functionalists delved in "why" and "how" the brain functions.Learn More
Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.Full Answer >
The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. Utilitarianism focuses only on results.Full Answer >
Rights refer to the privileges accorded to you by a governing body, and are usually written into laws; responsibilities are the obligations or duties that can either be assigned to you or assumed by you. Rights can be challenged or defended in a court of law.Full Answer >
Patrilineal societies are societies in which inheritance and royal succession trace through the father of the family. Matrilineal societies are those in which royal succession and inheritance trace through the mother.Full Answer >