A subculture is a small segment of people that operate within the framework of the dominant culture. In contrast, a counterculture is a group of people with shared values that go against one or more significant values of the dominant culture.Know More
Subcultures have distinct values or shared interests that aren't popular among the majority of people in the larger culture. However, they share in their interests in a way that doesn't violate or contradict what the majority values. Musical interest is a common factor in the formation of a subculture. Glam rock, punk rock and grunge music were associated with subcultures that also shared in fashion styles and attitudes. Other examples of subcultures include biker groups, jocks and role-playing gamers.
A counterculture is often viewed as deviant by society because the values and behaviors of group members rebel against what cultural values dictate. One of the largest counterculture groups in American history was the "hippies." It consisted of people who spoke and acted out against the Vietnam War. In addition, hippies took on certain fashion styles and behavioral choices. The Ku Klux Klan is one of the most notorious and controversial counterculture groups. People who homeschool are considered countercultural, although their choice has become more socially accepted as of 2014.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Examples of the dominant culture in the United States include speaking English, believing in a Protestant Christian religion and having European ancestry. The dominant culture of a society establishes its mainstream social customs, language, values and religion. Specific characteristics of the dominant culture become the standard for the entire society.Full Answer >
A cultural region refers to people who share a dominant culture in a specific geographic location. Everyone within a cultural region is influenced by the dominant culture in some form.Full Answer >
Puritans and Quakers are Christian faiths that believe in afterlife and God, although their essential religious views and worship practices vary greatly. Quakers stemmed from the Puritan movement, although their individual religious beliefs led to tension with the Puritans in England and the New World.Full Answer >
The Aztecs were present in Mexico during the 1500s, inhabiting the city of Tenochtilan, which is now Mexico City. The Mayans appeared later and occupied vast territory spanning across Mesoamerica, which is modern-day Guatemala, Belize, the Yucutan Peninsula, and parts of Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras, during the sixth century A.D. The empires are greatly distinguished by their way of life.Full Answer >