Teleological and deontological approaches to topics vary by their focus, with teleological approaches based on intended end effects and deontological approaches based on adherence to set rules. These terms are most often found together in the study of ethics. Teleological ethics are also often referred to as consequentialism.Know More
Teleology extends beyond just ethics, and refers to any aspect of existence with a definite end, whether in human behavior or in nature. For instance, a teleological view of animals proposes that current animals are, in some sense, an intended end of evolution or creation. Deontology, on the other hand, is solely concerned with ethical questions.
Deontology, as a formal ethical model, is the older of the two, with the best-recorded example of antiquity being divine command theory. This theory states that an action is good or evil depending on whether it corresponds to rules set by a deity. The famous philosopher Kant, however, provided a different form of deontological ethics, whereby the morality of an action should be judged by whether the actor would desire that the morality justifying that action be universal.
Teleological ethics are much newer. One version, utilitarianism, was created by John Stuart Mill, and states that the most moral action promotes the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Conversely, actions that create a general net unhappiness are immoral.Learn more about Ethics
A "principle" is acceptance of something as truth or a belief that a certain standard or rule is not up for debate. A "value" is a person's personal belief for or against something. Author Stephen Covey indicated that all people have values, even criminals. He also noted that principled-driven people typically develop their values to align with principles.Full Answer >
According to the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, beneficence refers to acting for the good of others. Nonmaleficence, on the other hand, means to do no harm.Full Answer >
Law is the body of rules that govern a society, while justice is a standard of morality that determines what is right and what is wrong, according to Santa Clara University. Laws are made with the intent of establishing justice within a particular geographic region.Full Answer >
Morals describe what is right and wrong, whereas values explain important behaviour and beliefs of a person or group. Morals are then based on the belief and understanding of those values.Full Answer >