Q:

What is the difference between temperament and personality?

A:

Temperament refers to a set of innate or inborn traits that organize a child's approach to the world, while personality is what arises within the individual. Personality is acquired on top of the temperament. Temperament can be viewed as an artist's canvas while personality can be viewed as the painting on the canvas.

Psychologists conclude that people can be categorized into four basic types of temperament: sanguine, choleric, melancholy and phlegmatic. Two of the basic temperament types are more introverted or inward-directed and the other two are extroverted or outgoing. Personality, which stays constant all through a person's life, consists of certain characteristic patterns like thoughts, feelings and behavior.

Since it is naturally occurring, temperament cannot be taught or learned but, despite this fact, it can be nurtured as one grows. Parents have an important role in nurturing the temperament of their child from infancy. Personality is also developed over a long period of time and is affected by factors like socialization, education and different pressures in life.

 

Understanding temperament equips people to successfully handle interpersonal relationships. Studying one's own temperament helps establish personal weaknesses and strengths. Studying other peoples' temperaments allows individuals to adapt their communication skills to others.

 

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between collectivism and individualism?

    A:

    Individualism focuses on empowering people through individual rights, but collectivism focuses on empowering people through collective rights. Individualists argue that self-reliance should be emphasized. Collectivists argue that governments and other organizations should ensure people have access to basic rights.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between nature and nurture?

    A:

    Nature refers to traits and characteristics that are inherited or genetic in origin, while nurture refers to traits and qualities that are learned by organisms as they grow. The terms "nature" and "nurture" consist of many different subcategories in the field of psychology. These categories fall under several different approaches and theories, which work together to describe the complex characteristics of humans and animals.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between personality and character?

    A:

    The difference between personality and character is that personality often refers to traits that an individual was born with while character largely involves defining an individual's integrity. Common examples of personalities include extroverted, shy, energetic, lazy, confident, funny and negative. Character traits may include kindness, honesty and virtue.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between law and morality?

    A:

    Laws are absolute rules prescribed by government representatives, while morality has to do with personal views on what is right or wrong. There is a close relationship between the two in that laws often represent the overriding societal view on moral issues.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore