Socrates focused on asking probing, sometimes humiliating questions in order to learn, Plato believed in immortality of the soul and Aristotle was a champion of reason and believed in avoiding extremes. While the three philosophers had differences, they were more alike as Aristotle was the student of Plato and Plato was the student of Socrates.Know More
Socrates was a philosopher who was frustrated and annoyed with the Sophists at the time. The Sophists in Greece would teach logic and the idea that all things are relative as a way to achieve goals. Socrates believed the truth was more important and that it was the reincarnation of the eternal soul that held all wisdom. This is where Socrates developed what is now known as the "Socratic method," which is asking questions to help rediscover what people knew before birth.
Plato was the prized student of Socrates. He ran the Academy, a place where philosophy was studied. He was both idealistic and rationalistic. He believed in the ideal on one end and the manifestation of that ideal on the other.
Aristotle was the prized student of Plato, though he disagreed with him on several things. Aristotle was a scientist as well as a philosopher. He believed in an "essence" and an opposite of the essence, which he called "matter." He believed matter did not have a shape or a purpose, but essence was what provided that shape or purpose to matter; together they completed one another.Learn more about Philosophy
Plato believed that the world we see around us is only a shadow of reality, which he referred to as the world of the forms. From this belief, he developed the Parable of the Cave, the philosophical theory for which he is best known, according to a website hosted by St. Anselm College.Full Answer >
Athens was the home of both Socrates and early democracy. During the Sparta war, Socrates talked to many people and created sympathies for the Spartan way of life, inciting some people to go so far as to rebel and become traitors to Athens.Full Answer >
Scholars do not know the exact nature of Socrates' beliefs because he did not leave behind any writings. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, nearly all available knowledge about Socrates comes from the writings of Plato, Xenophon and Aristophanes, all of whose reliability is questionable.Full Answer >
The famous Athenian philosopher Socrates was charged with two specific crimes: impiety and corruption of the youth. These charges stemmed from controversial decisions Socrates made as member of the Boule, decisions that ultimately upset influential figures and likely outraged public sentiment as well.Full Answer >