Q:

What are the different forms of Judaism?

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Quick Answer

Different branches of Judaism that are active in the modern world include Othodox, Reform, Conservative, Hasidic, Humanistic and Reconstructionist Judiasm. Messianic Judiasm is another form of the religion that, according to North Central University, some people argue is not a true part of the Jewish faith.

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Much like other Abrahamic religions, Judiasm is not a monolithic religion but a large faith that includes many subgroups. These subgroups are all related by common cultural and theological traditions, including adherence to the Old Testament, or Torah, as a holy book. However, the practices and lifestyles of individuals in different branches of Judaism differ dramatically. For example, Reform Jewish people may attend synagogue only on important holidays and may not keep kosher, while Hasidic Jewish people tend to stick very closely to strict, traditional religious practice, including dressing in a certain manner and performing religious duties every single day. Messianic Judiasm breaks off from other parts of the Jewish faith by accepting the New Testament and the concept of Jesus Christ as a Messiah, which some people argue makes this a Christian, not Jewish, religion.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the three basic teachings of Judaism?

    A:

    The three main principles of faith in Judaism are belief in a single, incorporeal and eternal god who created the entire universe; a set of moral principles that require people to treat one another with dignity and love, and ensure justice and equality; and the worship of a single god in prayer, study and adherence to the commandments set out in the Torah. The religion has 13 basic principles.

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  • Q:

    Who is the leader of Judaism?

    A:

    As a whole, Judaism does not have a single leader, but instead, each congregation is led by a rabbi and each branch of Judaism has a leadership council. Some countries have chief rabbis that oversee other rabbis.

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    What is the holy book called for Judaism?

    A:

    The most holy book of Judaism is called the Torah. It is part of the Jewish Bible, called the Tanakh, which includes the Torah and other important documents of history, poetry and writings of the prophets.

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    Who was the founder of Judaism?

    A:

    Judaism does not have a specific founder, but rather it has major prophets that are considered the fathers of Judaism. Some of these prophets are Moses, Abraham and Noah.

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