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What are the different kinds of culture?

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Quick Answer

There are many different kinds of culture, but culture is generally divided into two different types: material culture and non-material culture. Material culture is similar to class status. An example of material culture is buying expensive cars, jewelry and clothing to reflect an elite status within a community. Non-material culture is derived from intangible things such as beliefs, traditions and values.

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What are the different kinds of culture?
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In addition to material and non-material culture, there are less dominant kinds of culture called subculture and counterculture. Subculture refers to a group of people who hold opposing beliefs or behave differently than the majority of people in their community. Members of a subculture also often create a language that is distinct from the majority. Consequently, this smaller community establishes a culture that may ostracize them from the rest of society.

Counterculture is a movement to actively defy one or more aspects of dominant culture. Examples of counterculture groups include the Ku Klux Klan, members of the hippie movement and militant groups that protest government control.

Ultimately, culture is defined as the way of life for a community of people. In this sense, any one person has several different kinds of culture that apply to him or her. For example, a person's religious beliefs, race, behavior, occupation and interaction within the community are all forms of culture.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between culture and tradition?

    A:

    Tradition is the passing of beliefs from one generation to the next. Culture consists of the features that describe a society at any given time. Tradition often remains the same over time. Culture changes continuously, even within the same society.

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  • Q:

    What are the similarities between culture and identity?

    A:

    One similarity between individual identity and any given culture is the value of experience. A person must experience something within life to know who they are. When enough people share the same experiences and values, with a similar goal or purpose in mind, a culture comes to life. Experiences vary from person to person, and the value they carry with them is subjective. This often makes culture hard to measure.

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  • Q:

    What is a homogeneous culture?

    A:

    A homogeneous culture is a society comprised of people of the same race. This form of culture is characterized by people of the same cultural aspects. In general, they speak the same language and abide by the same societal norms and traditions. Homogeneous cultures are often considered very prosperous and stable because of their uniformity, with the Japanese being a prime example.

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  • Q:

    What is a "culture pattern"?

    A:

    A "culture pattern" is a set of related traits and characteristics that describe a particular group of people. The term is commonly used in the field of sociology when studying how groups differ from one another.

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