There are hundreds of different types of Baptist churches, but the two largest Baptist groups in the United States are the American Baptist Churches and the more conservative Southern Baptist Churches. There are about a dozen other major U.S. Baptist groups. Doctrine varies greatly among the groups.Know More
Other major Baptist groups are the Primitive Baptists, Progressive National Baptist Convention, Reformed Baptist Church, New Testament Association of Independent Baptist Churches, North American Baptist Conference, National Association of Free Will Baptists, National Baptist Convention of America, National Primitive Baptist Convention, Baptist General Conference, General Association of General Baptist Churches and the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches.
At the beginning of the 21st century there were about 43 million Baptists worldwide, 33 million of them U.S. residents.
Baptists preach the authority of the Bible, local congregational autonomy, the priesthood of the believer and individual soul liberty. Aspirants to the faith first profess Jesus as Lord and Savior and are then baptized to symbolize cleansing and remission of sins.
An Englishman, John Smyth, began the Baptist movement in Holland in 1609, preaching the need for adults, not infants, to be baptized by immersion in water. Modern branches of the sect are influenced by Calvinism, others by universal salvation, and still others seek a return to primitive New Testament faith. Beliefs about baptism have diversified greatly in four centuries.Learn more about Christianity
Baptist refers to a group of Christian denominations that all share the belief that baptism should be performed through full immersion and only for believers rather than for infants; Southern Baptist is a specific branch of Baptists that came about because of a split in the 1800s regarding the issues of missionary work and slavery. Southern Baptists are known for being conservative, and the branch is one of the largest Baptist groups in the United States, along with the American Baptists.Full Answer >
John the Baptist is a major figure in several religions, including Christianity and Islam. He was a wandering preacher who played a major role in the story of Jesus Christ.Full Answer >
Roman Catholic churches typically celebrate mass at least once per day. Sunday schedules include several celebrations of mass, as it is generally regarded as the most important day for practicing Catholics to attend.Full Answer >
The eastern and western churches split over differences in theology, practice, politics and culture. As Constantinople became an important center of government in the eastern half of the Roman Empire, the church there began to challenge the supremacy of Rome. Without a common language and culture, the two halves of the Christian Church drifted apart in the face of their disagreements.Full Answer >