There are hundreds of different types of Baptist churches, but the two largest Baptist groups in the United States are the American Baptist Churches and the more conservative Southern Baptist Churches. There are about a dozen other major U.S. Baptist groups. Doctrine varies greatly among the groups.Know More
Other major Baptist groups are the Primitive Baptists, Progressive National Baptist Convention, Reformed Baptist Church, New Testament Association of Independent Baptist Churches, North American Baptist Conference, National Association of Free Will Baptists, National Baptist Convention of America, National Primitive Baptist Convention, Baptist General Conference, General Association of General Baptist Churches and the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches.
At the beginning of the 21st century there were about 43 million Baptists worldwide, 33 million of them U.S. residents.
Baptists preach the authority of the Bible, local congregational autonomy, the priesthood of the believer and individual soul liberty. Aspirants to the faith first profess Jesus as Lord and Savior and are then baptized to symbolize cleansing and remission of sins.
An Englishman, John Smyth, began the Baptist movement in Holland in 1609, preaching the need for adults, not infants, to be baptized by immersion in water. Modern branches of the sect are influenced by Calvinism, others by universal salvation, and still others seek a return to primitive New Testament faith. Beliefs about baptism have diversified greatly in four centuries.Learn more about Christianity
Apostolic churches represent a smaller branch within the larger Pentecostal denomination that rejects the separatist theory of the trinity. Most Pentecostal churches are Trinitarian, meaning they believe in the individual identities of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost.Full Answer >
The eastern and western churches split over differences in theology, practice, politics and culture. As Constantinople became an important center of government in the eastern half of the Roman Empire, the church there began to challenge the supremacy of Rome. Without a common language and culture, the two halves of the Christian Church drifted apart in the face of their disagreements.Full Answer >
Differences between the Lutheran and Methodist churches include core religious beliefs in God's grace, different religious origins and contrasting views of the role of the church in the world. The Methodist denomination asserts that unconverted people may choose God's salvation, while Lutherans believe that unconverted people have no control over their salvation.Full Answer >
Questions for becoming an ordained Baptist preacher typically focus on the person's call to serve, spiritual history, beliefs about the Trinity, and knowledge of the Bible and its scriptures. However, exact questions asked for ordination of a Baptist preacher can vary, as each church may have its own set of requirements.Full Answer >