The world's many religions can be loosely grouped as nontheistic, deistic, polytheistic and monotheistic. Various schools of nontheistic religions, such as Buddhism, can be difficult to separate from philosophy, and many adherents regard these religions as strictly philosophical. Deism was popular among intellectuals during the Enlightenment and sometimes coexists with pantheism, which is the perception of an omnipresent but impersonal and non-interventionist god.
Polytheistic religions, such as Hinduism, are among the world's oldest faiths. Many polytheistic pantheons conceive of gods who are not all-powerful but are the embodiment of a specific concept, such as war, love or good luck. Some polytheists primarily worship a single god from the pantheon, elevating the worship of a single deity almost to monotheism.
Monotheistic religions claim the greatest number of adherents in the modern world. Christianity and Islam between them have over half of the world's population as followers. Judaism is also monotheistic, but its followers tend not to seek converts actively, so it is followed by fewer people than the other two large monotheistic religions.
Islam is firmly monotheistic, with few, if any, adherents who believe in more than a single god. Christianity is generally regarded as monotheistic, though a majority of Christians, Catholic and Protestant alike, conceive of God as a Trinity.Learn More
Hinduism was the world’s very first religion, and it's still being practiced as of 2014. The earliest records of religious practice come from Egypt about 4000 B.C. According to the Egyptian Creation Myth, there was only Ocean, which was initially void until a hill of earth emerged on its surface.Full Answer >
The predominant religion in Israel is Judaism, as more than 75 percent of the population identifies as Jewish. Islam is the second most popular religion in the nation, with more than 16 percent of the population identifying as Muslim. Christianity and Druze are the two other prominent religions in the country. Two percent of the country is Christian, and less than two percent identify as Druze.Full Answer >
Religion is important to society because it helps to regulate behavior. Religion teaches people specific rules, laws and morals to follow.Full Answer >
The Mayan religion was a polytheistic Mesoamerican religion that was popular in Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras and the Tabasco, Chiapas and Yucatán regions of Mexico starting in the late-preclassic period (200 B.C. to 200 A.D.) and extending up through modern times. The modern Mayan religion coexists with both pan-Mayan syncretism, which seeks to revitalize traditional Mayan cultural practices, and modern Christianity.Full Answer >