The doctrine of Petrine supremacy is a Catholic belief that Jesus Christ gave the apostle Peter authority on Earth to lead his church and that this supreme spiritual authority is passed on to the pope. Under certain circumstances, the pope, as Peter's successor, is considered infallible.Know More
According to the Bible, Peter's original name was Simon. Jesus gave him the name Peter, which in Aramaic was Cephas, meaning "rock." In chapter 16 of the book of Matthew in the New Testament, Jesus says, "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Catholics use this statement to justify the authority of Peter and his successors. A further justification is in the book of John chapter 21, where Jesus says to Peter, "Feed my sheep."
According to the book of the Acts of the Apostles in the Bible, when Jesus ascended into heaven, Peter took over leadership of his apostles and other followers. In secular history, though he never officially assumed the title of the bishop of Rome, Peter was recognized as the first pope. Every subsequent pope was recognized not as the successor of the pope that went before but as the successor of Peter. In 1870, 433 bishops at the First Vatican Council reinforced this doctrine when they issued the decree of papal infallibility. This stated that in matters of faith and morals, the pope has supreme authority, and his word cannot be questioned.Learn more about Christianity
The number 666 is based on a Hebrew system of numerology called "Gematria" and refers to the sinfulness of man, as well as the rise of the "Beast," or Satan, as Jesus Christ prepares to return to Earth. It is mentioned in the last book of the New Testament, "Revelation."Full Answer >
Religious organizations are not generally bound by the same financial reporting requirements as other entities, but the Catholic Church is very likely to be the wealthiest single religious organization on Earth. The Economist estimates that annual expenditures of the Catholic Church in the United States alone exceed $170 billion.Full Answer >
The Eternal Word Television Network, or EWTN, catalog sells a variety of items related to Catholic belief and practice, including art, books, children’s items, crucifixes, jewelry, DVDs and music, rosaries, specialty items and statues. Customers can also use the catalogue to subscribe to the National Catholic Register newspaper.Full Answer >
The youngest Pope to be acknowledged by the Vatican was John XII, who reigned from 955 to 963. He was approximately 18 years old at the time of his election, which was carried out to honor the dying wish of his father, Alberic II.Full Answer >