Duty-based, or deontological, ethics hold that only actions performed out of (or from) duty have moral or ethical worth. Such actions are contrasted with those performed merely in accordance with duty.Know More
In other words, ethical actions should not be performed out of one's personal inclination, but out of one's duty. This is called "goodwill," and means to act from duty to do good in itself.
The theory was developed by Immanuel Kant, who proposed the following three criteria for testing the moral worth of an action:
Dictionary.com defines Puritan ethics as a belief in and devotion to self-discipline, hard work, duty, responsibility and thrift. In today's age, Puritan ethics refers to adherence to these beliefs regardless of whether they are rooted in religious belief. People that are very strict on moral and religious issues are often referred to as puritanical. Some believe that puritanical attitudes are harmful, according to Anxiety Culture.Full Answer >
Most psychologists and researchers agree that ethics can be taught, as did Socrates some 2,500 years ago, which is because ethics requires knowing what a person should do, and that knowledge can be shared. When it comes to moral development in human beings, the Harvard psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg has conducted research showing that a person can still grow from a moral and ethical standpoint later in life.Full Answer >
Ethics is a branch of philosophy concerned with how humans should live, and what should be considered right and wrong. The word originates from the ancient Greek word "ethos," but the concept is much older, with every society possessing its own code of ethics, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica.Full Answer >
Autonomy in ethics refers to individual freedom or one’s right to make decisions without being coerced. It is the concept of social, political and ethical morals that give individuals the rational right to make their own informed choices. The individual’s decisions are also guided by the principles of what is right and wholesome as given by sensible conscience and as defined by the society.Full Answer >