Duty-based, or deontological, ethics hold that only actions performed out of (or from) duty have moral or ethical worth. Such actions are contrasted with those performed merely in accordance with duty.Know More
In other words, ethical actions should not be performed out of one's personal inclination, but out of one's duty. This is called "goodwill," and means to act from duty to do good in itself.
The theory was developed by Immanuel Kant, who proposed the following three criteria for testing the moral worth of an action:
Most psychologists and researchers agree that ethics can be taught, as did Socrates some 2,500 years ago, which is because ethics requires knowing what a person should do, and that knowledge can be shared. When it comes to moral development in human beings, the Harvard psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg has conducted research showing that a person can still grow from a moral and ethical standpoint later in life.Full Answer >
A code of ethics is necessary because it allows individuals to know what is expected of them as acceptable behavior. It provides guidelines on making decisions that are in line with the goals of the organization.Full Answer >
Medical ethics and etiquette are the professional values and protocols that bind medical practitioners such as physicians, doctors, nurses, primary health providers and other health care practitioners to the best practices in the profession. These guidelines dictate the acceptable behaviors of medical practitioners.Full Answer >
Business ethics are important because they help to develop customer and employee loyalty and engagement and contribute overall to a company's viability. Businesses rely on reputation and a lack of moral guidelines can ruin a reputation.Full Answer >