One of the main reasons that U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission settlements are common is because there are a number of different opportunities for the discrimination charge to be resolved without litigation. Mediation, settlement and conciliation are the three main opportunities to settle before an EEOC case goes to trial.Know More
Mediation has been expanded by the EEOC and is designed in a way that involves no investigation. The process of mediation is confidential, voluntary and often takes less than 90 days. Both parties in a mediation are allowed to have their cases heard, and a neutral third party oversees the proceedings. Settlement agreements formed through the process of mediation are enforceable, and if a settlement is not reached, an investigation can begin.
Settlement can occur at any time during an investigation. Both parties can work with an investigator to resolve the complaint and reach an agreement. Settlements are considered enforceable, and charges are dismissed if all parties reach a voluntary agreement.
Conciliation is a process by which there are negotiations and offers presented by both parties. Either party can counter with its own offer until a settlement is reached. This option occurs after an investigation has found that there is reasonable cause indicating that discrimination did happen. Conciliation is the final option to settle a claim before proceeding to litigation.Learn more about Social Sciences
Prejudice refers to thoughts and attitudes a person holds toward a group of people, while discrimination refers to actual actions against such a group, as defined by the online Introduction to Sociology textbook from OpenStax College. Anti-discrimination laws exist to prevent discriminatory actions against any group of people.Full Answer >
Gender discrimination is the unfair or unequal treatment of people based on their gender or sexual orientation: gender discrimination occurs against homosexuals, heterosexuals and transgenders, and may be initiated by men or women. Gender discrimination also appears as employer bias against employees or job applicants affiliated with groups of certain gender majorities, say experts at the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.Full Answer >
Most minor instances of discrimination result from natural human instincts to feel more comfortable around other people with similar traits. Discrimination can also result from ingrained beliefs in society that people with certain traits are inferior in some ways.Full Answer >
Cultural discrimination refers to exclusion, restriction or hate that is directed at a person or a group on the basis of perceived or real differences in cultural values and beliefs. UNESCO indicates that discrimination can be direct or indirect and often leads to harassment or denial of basic rights. Religious hate, tribalism and racism are the most common forms of cultural discrimination.Full Answer >