The Great Western Schism, as opposed to the Great East-West Schism, had a profound destabilizing effect on the faith people held in the institution of the Catholic Church. Most of all, it seriously deteriorated the prestige and assumed authenticity of papal power.Know More
Because the crisis of the schism surrounded the existence of multiple simultaneous claimants to the papal throne, it created a split in allegiances, especially among Catholic European rulers. For example, France, Aragon, Castile, Scotland and Savoy supported the pope enthroned at Avignon, which was under the thumb of the French king, whereas England, Hungary, Portugal, the Holy Roman Empire and the Scandinavian states backed the one residing in Rome. Even individual cities, such as Bruges, developed different factions, ones that often viewed each other with fanatical hatred.
In addition to weakening the appearance of the papacy throughout Europe, the schism also inspired greater resentment towards it, causing vast numbers of Catholics to view its actions and motives with unprecedented suspicion. Additionally, because papal leadership failed so catastrophically, some Catholic thinkers began developing the conciliar theory, which advocated for a council representing all of Christendom to be the highest governing agency of the faith, creating an entity that would even outrank the pope himself, in theory.
Ultimately, the fallout of the Great Western Schism directly anticipated the troubles and grievances that spark the Protestant Reformation, which historically followed less than two centuries later.Learn more about Christianity
Saint Patrick was never canonized by the Catholic Church, but people and churches all around the world view him as a saint for his missionary work. He died on March 17, 460. The date of his death is called Saint Patrick's Day in his honor.Full Answer >
During the Reformation, several key leaders including John Calvin, Henry VIII and Martin Luther challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and created what became known as Protestantism. The Reformation came about as these leaders felt that there was not a fair distribution of power among the people in the church and that some of the teachings of the church could not be justified using the Bible. A key point of the Reformation occurred when King Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England.Full Answer >
The Nicene Creed is recited as an entire credo, a statement of belief in accordance with the teachings of the Catholic Church, and it is read by all members of the Church at various times in private and in ceremony. The Creed affirms an individual's belief in the Holy Trinity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.Full Answer >
Religious organizations are not generally bound by the same financial reporting requirements as other entities, but the Catholic Church is very likely to be the wealthiest single religious organization on Earth. The Economist estimates that annual expenditures of the Catholic Church in the United States alone exceed $170 billion.Full Answer >