The Great Western Schism, as opposed to the Great East-West Schism, had a profound destabilizing effect on the faith people held in the institution of the Catholic Church. Most of all, it seriously deteriorated the prestige and assumed authenticity of papal power.Know More
Because the crisis of the schism surrounded the existence of multiple simultaneous claimants to the papal throne, it created a split in allegiances, especially among Catholic European rulers. For example, France, Aragon, Castile, Scotland and Savoy supported the pope enthroned at Avignon, which was under the thumb of the French king, whereas England, Hungary, Portugal, the Holy Roman Empire and the Scandinavian states backed the one residing in Rome. Even individual cities, such as Bruges, developed different factions, ones that often viewed each other with fanatical hatred.
In addition to weakening the appearance of the papacy throughout Europe, the schism also inspired greater resentment towards it, causing vast numbers of Catholics to view its actions and motives with unprecedented suspicion. Additionally, because papal leadership failed so catastrophically, some Catholic thinkers began developing the conciliar theory, which advocated for a council representing all of Christendom to be the highest governing agency of the faith, creating an entity that would even outrank the pope himself, in theory.
Ultimately, the fallout of the Great Western Schism directly anticipated the troubles and grievances that spark the Protestant Reformation, which historically followed less than two centuries later.Learn more about Christianity
Political, linguistic, theological, cultural and geographical differences between the Western and Eastern churches led to the East-West Schism of 1054. The proximate cause of the split was the mutual excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Pope.Full Answer >
During the Reformation, several key leaders including John Calvin, Henry VIII and Martin Luther challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and created what became known as Protestantism. The Reformation came about as these leaders felt that there was not a fair distribution of power among the people in the church and that some of the teachings of the church could not be justified using the Bible. A key point of the Reformation occurred when King Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church and established the Church of England.Full Answer >
A baccalaureate Mass is a liturgical ceremony offered by schools that are connected with the Catholic Church. The celebration honors the senior class graduating from the eighth grade, high school or college.Full Answer >
Pope Francis was elected to head the Catholic Church on March 13, 2013. His election followed five rounds of balloting by the conclave of gathered cardinals that began the day prior. The election was called after the resignation of the then-current pope, Benedict XVI, on Feb. 28, 2013.Full Answer >