Q:

What are the effects of rural to urban migration?

A:

Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.

According to Education Portal, rural to urban migration provides manpower to industries, which facilitates production and economic growth. The World Bank Group reveals that rural to urban migration benefits rural communities due to the money that relatives in urban centers send home. However, it causes negative effects on the urban environment and increases the risk to illnesses.

Wikipedia notes that rural urban migration also contributes to an increase in crime rate within urban centers. Excessive or rampant rural to urban migration increases the rate of unemployment, which reduces the standards of living among urban communities. In addition, rural to urban migration affects women in rural areas because they are forced to attend to many chores at home and in farms.

Rural to urban migration leads to the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban centers, which disadvantages rural communities. It also causes psychological effects, such as the stress that result from traffic, high living costs and taxes.


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