Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Know More
According to Education Portal, rural to urban migration provides manpower to industries, which facilitates production and economic growth. The World Bank Group reveals that rural to urban migration benefits rural communities due to the money that relatives in urban centers send home. However, it causes negative effects on the urban environment and increases the risk to illnesses.
Wikipedia notes that rural urban migration also contributes to an increase in crime rate within urban centers. Excessive or rampant rural to urban migration increases the rate of unemployment, which reduces the standards of living among urban communities. In addition, rural to urban migration affects women in rural areas because they are forced to attend to many chores at home and in farms.
Rural to urban migration leads to the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban centers, which disadvantages rural communities. It also causes psychological effects, such as the stress that result from traffic, high living costs and taxes.Learn more about Population & Demography
Rural depopulation is the process in which population density in rural areas decreases overtime. This is caused by the migration of people to urban areas in search of a higher quality of living and employment. Displacement as a result of large development projects and mining may also cause rural depopulation.Full Answer >
Internal migration is the movement of people from one place to another within a particular country. People can migrate due to several reasons, including social, political, environmental and economical factors.Full Answer >
Internal migration refers to people within a country moving to another location within its borders, whereas external migration, also known as international migration, refers to the act of migration across borders from one country to another. Usually, the motivations for internal and external migration differ.Full Answer >
Push factors, such as poverty within a community, limited access to education and employment, distance from resources, globalization, a person's ability to obtain better transportation in a new area, an increase in crime and the frequency of natural disasters, can affect the outgoing process of migration. Pull factors, such as higher standards of living and wages, labor demands and religious and political freedom, often dictate where migrants end up.Full Answer >