Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Know More
According to Education Portal, rural to urban migration provides manpower to industries, which facilitates production and economic growth. The World Bank Group reveals that rural to urban migration benefits rural communities due to the money that relatives in urban centers send home. However, it causes negative effects on the urban environment and increases the risk to illnesses.
Wikipedia notes that rural urban migration also contributes to an increase in crime rate within urban centers. Excessive or rampant rural to urban migration increases the rate of unemployment, which reduces the standards of living among urban communities. In addition, rural to urban migration affects women in rural areas because they are forced to attend to many chores at home and in farms.
Rural to urban migration leads to the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban centers, which disadvantages rural communities. It also causes psychological effects, such as the stress that result from traffic, high living costs and taxes.Learn more about Population & Demography
Internal migration refers to people within a country moving to another location within its borders, whereas external migration, also known as international migration, refers to the act of migration across borders from one country to another. Usually, the motivations for internal and external migration differ.Full Answer >
A rural community comprises a group of inhabitants who live a rustic or country lifestyle. Rural communities typically have smaller populations and an agricultural setting, but some areas contain forests.Full Answer >
Rural depopulation is the process in which population density in rural areas decreases overtime. This is caused by the migration of people to urban areas in search of a higher quality of living and employment. Displacement as a result of large development projects and mining may also cause rural depopulation.Full Answer >
The term "migration stream" refers to a migratory pattern followed by any ethnic group as the group moves from one area to another. A migration stream is largely dependent upon the socioeconomic condition of the local area.Full Answer >