Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Know More
According to Education Portal, rural to urban migration provides manpower to industries, which facilitates production and economic growth. The World Bank Group reveals that rural to urban migration benefits rural communities due to the money that relatives in urban centers send home. However, it causes negative effects on the urban environment and increases the risk to illnesses.
Wikipedia notes that rural urban migration also contributes to an increase in crime rate within urban centers. Excessive or rampant rural to urban migration increases the rate of unemployment, which reduces the standards of living among urban communities. In addition, rural to urban migration affects women in rural areas because they are forced to attend to many chores at home and in farms.
Rural to urban migration leads to the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban centers, which disadvantages rural communities. It also causes psychological effects, such as the stress that result from traffic, high living costs and taxes.Learn more about Population & Demography
The importance of demography lies in its contribution to helping government and society better prepare to deal for the issues and demands of population growth, aging and migration. The statistics and predictions resulting from demographic studies can, for example, aid in the development of adequate school systems, estimate the required funding for senior services and develop workable healthcare systems. A wide variety of social outcomes are impacted by demographic processes and distributions.Full Answer >
Migration affects population size by increasing it in areas where resources are plentiful and decreasing it in areas that are struggling for resources. Migration affects specific areas, but does not have an impact on the overall population size of the planet.Full Answer >
Most people in India live in the rural areas; they account for 73 percent of the total population. The remaining 27 percent live in the cities and towns.Full Answer >
Push factors, such as poverty within a community, limited access to education and employment, distance from resources, globalization, a person's ability to obtain better transportation in a new area, an increase in crime and the frequency of natural disasters, can affect the outgoing process of migration. Pull factors, such as higher standards of living and wages, labor demands and religious and political freedom, often dictate where migrants end up.Full Answer >