In sociology, essentialism is a belief that people or events have behaviors that never change. The theory of essentialism states that human beings are not capable of changing their behavior regardless of their social or cultural background.Know More
Essentialism is a theory that is used to describe the reasons behind human behavior. A person who believes in essentialism thinks that humans act according to a combination of genetic and biological rules. These rules are not affected by a person's social background or psychological state.
People who believe in essentialism think that a human is likely to behave in the same way regardless of which culture they have been brought up in. An example of such a belief is that men are always more aggressive than women, regardless of culture, because males have higher testosterone levels. In essentialism, the place of birth, time in history that the person lived and type of upbringing don't affect the person's behavior.
There are a number of alternative theories to essentialism. An anthropologist, for example, believes that human behavior is greatly affected by the culture and environment in which he is raised. Unlike essentialists, anthropologists think that humans can change their behavior unconsciously in response to their surroundings.Learn more about Social Sciences
According to French sociologist Emile Durkheim, sociology consists of three main branches: social morphology, general sociology and social physiology. Anthropology is divided into four branches, including physical anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology and archaeology.Full Answer >
Sociology is a science; to study social behavior, problems and tendencies, social scientists use the same controlled research methods that are used in other sciences. Data is collected under the same controlled conditions and statistically analyzed by the same methods.Full Answer >
Methodology in sociology refers to the scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or concept. Sociological methods include the same methods used in other social science disciplines, such as experimentation, observation, surveys, quasi-experiments, content analysis and focus groups. Sociological researchers use both quantitative and qualitative methods to test hypotheses.Full Answer >
The study of sociology provides valuable insights into how human behavior is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. The insight gained from a study of sociology leads to a greater understanding of how individuals and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. This understanding also better prepares an individual for a wide variety of career paths in the areas of human resources, business management, assessment, research and any area in which a global awareness coupled with critical thinking skills is an asset.Full Answer >