An example of a logical appeal is encouraging someone to quit smoking because of the noted health risks associated with smoking tobacco. Essentially, a logical appeal is used to convince someone a generally accepted truth is valid. Logical appeals are harder to dispute than other kinds of appeals, such as emotional appeals and ethical appeals, because they are a result of facts rather than feelings or opinions.Know More
A logical appeal has three components: a claim, evidence and a warrant. Claims are something a person believes is a reality, and a logical appeal is used to convince another person that the claim is a fact. An example of a claim is the belief that exercise makes people healthier.
After presenting a claim, evidence is used to convince a person to believe the claim. Since logical appeals appeal to logic, only solid facts are used for evidence. Examples include well-known facts, academic research, medical data and statistics. Regardless of what kind of evidence is presented, it has to be indisputable.
Lastly, a warrant is used to connect the claim to the evidence. Most warrants highlight a benefit to the claim. For example, quitting smoking improves a person's health and saves a lot of money since cigarettes are expensive.Learn more about Logic & Reasoning
A logical thinker is a person who regularly uses structure and reason to evaluate a situation and come to a decision. A primary distinction between a logical thinker and someone who relies on intuition is that the logical thinker relies on facts and data, whereas the other uses opinions and gut feelings to make decisions.Full Answer >
A logical list of logical fallacies can be found by entering the request into the search engine of your choice. A list can also be found in various English reference books.Full Answer >
Causal arguments focus on discussing the cause of a specific event or situation, such as a doctor explaining why smoking is the likely cause of a patient's lung cancer. A causal argument can also be referred to as a cause and effect argument.Full Answer >
One of the most common examples of illogical reasoning is the straw man argument, which often entails either isolating a particular part of an argument before then presenting it as an entirely individual or separate position, or using a very early form of a theory to support a case while ignoring the fully developed theory itself (attacking Darwinism using only Darwin's work as a source for example, ignores all the progress made since, so is not valid). Finding a source that offers an extreme view or unrealistic account of a position, then treating it as fact, is also a straw man argumentFull Answer >