Structuralism is a psychological theory that was introduced by psychologist Wilhelm Wundt and that was popularized by Edward B. Tichener. An example of structuralism is a camouflage fleece blanket. It is warm, soft, fuzzy and green. Another example would be an apple. It is red, crisp, hard and sweet. Structuralism is only interested in understanding the basic definitions of something, not the more complex ideas and reasons behind it.Know More
Using the example of an apple, a person practicing structuralism can only describe it in terms of their most basic perceptions. They cannot simply describe it as an apple, because structuralism believes that it is the total sum of the parts that have been broken down into the most simple elements that make up the whole of something.
The theory of structuralism strives to understand the key components of the mind by breaking each thought and emotion down to its most basic elements. The process of introspection, or looking deeper into the self, was used to understand and interpret the conscious mind. Introspection required people to focus on the emotion that they were currently feeling or the thought they were currently having and try to understand what made them experience that feeling or thought.Learn more about Psychology
There are four parts to the theory of cognitive development postulated by biologist Jean Piaget regarding the mental and psychological development of children. The stages are the schema, assimilation, accommodation and equilibrium. Piaget argues that early cognitive development involves processes based upon actions that later progress into changes in mental operation.Full Answer >
In sociology, the interactionist perspective is the theory that people develop their beliefs, identities and values according to individual and small group interactions. Interactionist methodology favors qualitative data over quantitative data obtained through traditional methods like experiments, questionnaires and secondary sources.Full Answer >
The achievement motivation theory is the theory that people are motivated to succeed by seeking out achievement. These people are encouraged by succeeding at difficult tasks. They are also motivated by looking for different methods of accomplishment.Full Answer >
Rather than being a theory unto itself, Freud uses the iceberg is as an explanatory tool for his theory of the conscious and unconscious. In essence, Freud explains his theory topographically through the use of the iceberg as a dominant metaphor.Full Answer >