Structuralism is a psychological theory that was introduced by psychologist Wilhelm Wundt and that was popularized by Edward B. Tichener. An example of structuralism is a camouflage fleece blanket. It is warm, soft, fuzzy and green. Another example would be an apple. It is red, crisp, hard and sweet. Structuralism is only interested in understanding the basic definitions of something, not the more complex ideas and reasons behind it.Know More
Using the example of an apple, a person practicing structuralism can only describe it in terms of their most basic perceptions. They cannot simply describe it as an apple, because structuralism believes that it is the total sum of the parts that have been broken down into the most simple elements that make up the whole of something.
The theory of structuralism strives to understand the key components of the mind by breaking each thought and emotion down to its most basic elements. The process of introspection, or looking deeper into the self, was used to understand and interpret the conscious mind. Introspection required people to focus on the emotion that they were currently feeling or the thought they were currently having and try to understand what made them experience that feeling or thought.Learn More
Examples of groupthink include the Jerry Sandusky case at Penn State University and the war in Iraq. Groupthink is often characterized by the dehumanization of victims, a sense of invulnerability and an immoral, unethical or irrational decision making. It is most often present in groups that are not open to the public, such as small religious groups or some social activist organizations.Full Answer >
In biology, a stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to change its behavior in order to make the environment more satisfactory. For instance, hunger motivates animals to seek food, predators stimulate prey to run away or hide, and falling temperatures encourage creatures to seek shelter or find warmth in other ways.Full Answer >
An example of an anchoring and adjustment heuristic is when a person with high-value numbers bids higher on items with unknown value after being asked to write their numbers compared to people who had low-value numbers to write. This example was described in a study by researcher Dan Ariely.Full Answer >
Examples of unintentional communication include: postures, facial expression, eye gaze, pitch of voice and gestures displayed through body language (kinesics) and the physical distance between communicators (proxemics). According to experts, a significant percentage of human communication is nonverbal or unintentional. Nonverbal cues and behaviors such as handshakes and hairstyles reveal details of who a person is and have a considerable impact on how a person relates to others.Full Answer >