Structuralism is a psychological theory that was introduced by psychologist Wilhelm Wundt and that was popularized by Edward B. Tichener. An example of structuralism is a camouflage fleece blanket. It is warm, soft, fuzzy and green. Another example would be an apple. It is red, crisp, hard and sweet. Structuralism is only interested in understanding the basic definitions of something, not the more complex ideas and reasons behind it.Know More
Using the example of an apple, a person practicing structuralism can only describe it in terms of their most basic perceptions. They cannot simply describe it as an apple, because structuralism believes that it is the total sum of the parts that have been broken down into the most simple elements that make up the whole of something.
The theory of structuralism strives to understand the key components of the mind by breaking each thought and emotion down to its most basic elements. The process of introspection, or looking deeper into the self, was used to understand and interpret the conscious mind. Introspection required people to focus on the emotion that they were currently feeling or the thought they were currently having and try to understand what made them experience that feeling or thought.Learn more about Psychology
The frustration aggression theory is a psychological theory that aggression is caused by blocking, or frustrating, a person's efforts to achieve a goal. The theory has its origin in a 1939 hypothesis and study by Dollar, Doob, Miller, Mower and Sears.Full Answer >
The projection defense mechanism is a psychological theory which says that people deny the existence of their own negative traits and habits. Instead, they tend to blame the effects of such traits on others.Full Answer >
There are seven major schools of thought in psychology: structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic, cognitive and behavioralism. These schools of thought were developed by famous psychologists like Wilhelm Wundt and Sigmund Freud.Full Answer >
In biology, a stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to change its behavior in order to make the environment more satisfactory. For instance, hunger motivates animals to seek food, predators stimulate prey to run away or hide, and falling temperatures encourage creatures to seek shelter or find warmth in other ways.Full Answer >