An example of applied anthropology would be a professional or scholar hired by a government to dwell among a native tribe and analyze ways in which the tribe communicates and to bridge gaps with the client. Applied anthropology refers to any action-oriented anthropological project that aims to solve practical problems.
Applied anthropologists often work as advocates for human rights, trainers, program evaluators, researchers, change agents or assessors. Regardless of the task, they are generally hired to do work related to their particular specialty. The four main categories of anthropology are sociocultural anthropology, biological or physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. An anthropologists specialty often has an even more specialized focus than these four categories.