Common examples of cognitive skills include retrieving information from memory, using logic to solve problems, communicating through language, mentally visualizing a concept and focusing attention when distractions are present. Cognitive skills allow a person to absorb and evaluate information through sensory perception and thought processes.Know More
Cognitive skills involving attention and memory are critical foundations for learning. Coding information into short- and long-term memory allows individuals to build a store of fundamental knowledge so they can remember how to perform basic operations, such as following instructions or dialing a phone number. Attention-focusing skills are necessary to filter out distractions and prioritize received information to determine how much detail from a given sensory input is converted into memory.
In early childhood, humans heavily rely on hearing and vision skills to evaluate their environments. Babies often look around for the source of a voice and respond to visual gestures. As their cognition develops, they learn to distinguish and imitate the sounds and actions, such as speaking or playing peek-a-boo.
Logic abilities enable mature thought processes, including analysis and deductive reasoning. Developing logic allows an individual to think in abstract terms and reach conclusions and solutions by using existing knowledge to evaluate new information. Advanced thought and reasoning also help individuals ask questions, experiment with trial and error and express creativity.Learn more about Psychology
Three examples of cognitive dissonance might include a smoker who continues to smoke despite the knowledge that it damages health, a cult member who alters their beliefs when they are proven wrong and someone who cheats on a test once, but resolves never to do so again. In each case, the individual is attempting to resolve the tension created by behavior that goes against their beliefs.Full Answer >
Some examples of cognitive perspective are positive and negative reinforcement and self-actualization. Cognitive perspective, also known as cognitive psychology, focuses on learning-based aspects of behavior.Full Answer >
Reconstructive memory refers to the way memories are pieced together from bits of information. Memories are not perfectly formed, and they depend on outside influences to develop the whole picture. These influences can be anything, such as a person's own expectations or suggestions from other people.Full Answer >
Short-term memory consists of information that a person is currently paying attention to, and is often the information gathered by using the five senses. In most cases, individuals can store this information and recall it for about 30 seconds. However, paying careful attention to this information can allow an individual to transfer it from short-term memory to long-term memory.Full Answer >